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A Closer Look at the Socio-Environment on the Gender Orientation of Martial Arts and Dance as a Leisure Activity

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Human Kinetics- College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Laguna, PHILIPPINES

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 4, Issue (1), Pages 48-54, January,14 (2015)


A review of the five year enrolment of both martial arts and dance classes was done to establish a trend. The study sought: 1) to determine whether gender gap existed, 2) evaluate students’ motivation in their leisure preferences, and 3) to establish whether gender orientation was salient in students’ choice. A face to face survey was done to currently enrolled students in martial arts and dance classes. In addition, an in-depth interview was also conducted to randomly selected students among the enrolees. With regard to motive in their preferences, resultsshowed that ‘challenge of their body’ and ‘self protection’ ranked first for the male and female enrolees in martial arts respectively. On the other hand, the dance enrolees noted that ‘self expression’ for the female and ‘trying a different field’ by the male students were reasons in their leisure choice. In addition, the interview notes revealed that the idea of femininity and masculinity were almost identical such as compassion and having bubbly characterfor women while strong and competitive for men. The trend in the enrolment of the two leisure areas were examined using the concept of androgyny. Now that students enrol a leisure course because they want to, it would pave the way to better learning which would benefit the physical body and lead to wellness and quality life.


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