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Resurgence of Democracy in Post Conflict Punjab: Causes and Consequences

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Political Science, Sewa Devi S.D. College, Tarn Taran, Punjab, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 3, Issue (8), Pages 50-56, August,14 (2014)


The electoral and political developments in post-conflict Punjab provide a unique opportunity to analyze the reconstruction model for troubled democracies. The Punjab witnessed upsurge of militant groups and collapse of democratic processes. The latter was evident from the fact that state remained under President Rule for more than four and half years after dismissal of Barnala Government. The state also witnessed one of the lowest turnouts in the terms of voting percentage in 1992 State assembly elections which were boycotted by major Akali parties. However, suddenly democracy saw resurgence as militant groups are routed, elections are being peacefully conducted and different political players which once took belligerent attitude towards constitutional structures are participating in electoral processes. This signifies the ability of democratic institutions to revitalize them even after troubled past. This research work proves that pursuing moderate approach both by State and various groups provides opportunity to democratic institutions to function effectively. In turn, the democratic institutions provide ample opportunities for peaceful resolution of conflicts and interest fulfillment. This is win-win situation for state, society and individual players.


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