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A case study on the effects of coal mining in the environment particularly in relation to Soil, Water and Air causing a Socio-economic Hazard in Asansol-Raniganj Area, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Master of Computer Applications, Dr. B.C. Roy Engineering College, Jemua Road, Fuljhore, Durgapur, West Bengal, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 3, Issue (8), Pages 39-42, August,14 (2014)


In the 21st century human habitation particularly the urban society are enormously affected by the industrial expansion promoted pollution and distortion of the natural environment. Environmental distortion directly and indirectly altered the precipitation rate, degradation of the cultivatable soil, water quality and also accelerates the production of different human diseases. Environmental degradation can act on social integration directly or indirectly through the constrains produced in the agricultural activities. Coal mining is such an activity which disturbs availability of the agricultural land for the cultivation purposes. Similarly the mining industry induces the human settlement pattern and thus may be a causative factor for the disruption of social relations. The economics of a particular area is also changed due the huge mining activities particularly in the native peoples and tribal peoples. Asansol-Raniganj area is one of the area in India which is important for coal mining since eighteenth century and which is still operating causing a huge damage on soil, water and also the air. This area is better known as Paschimanchal of Burdwan District. This paper indicates some results of the changes in soil, water and air affecting human habitations of this area.


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