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A Study on Disparities derived from Caste System: Roopsi Village, Jaisalmer

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Geography, Ballygunge Campus, University of Calcutta, 35, Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata-700019, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 3, Issue (5), Pages 1-6, May,14 (2014)


Village Roopsi is situated in the rocky and sandy terrain of Thar Desert plain (Marusthali), 35 km North-West of Jaisalmer town, Rajasthan with a total population of 1430 persons (Census 2001). The settlements of this village bear a reflection of the local caste structure. Three residential clusters have been identified according to the caste hierarchy based on their traditional occupations. These are i. Upper Caste Sector on the western end of the south-eastern part, ii. Other Backward Castes and Scheduled Castes on the southern end of the south-eastern part and iii. Tribal Population on the northern end of the south-eastern part of the village. A comparative study on socio-economic parameters (based on Census of India, 2001 and primary sample survey on 142 households covering all three residential sectors) reveals marked disparities in various aspects of life derived from caste structure among these settlement clusters.


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