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Perception of Socio-Culture Impacts of Tourism: A Sociological Review

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Tourism and Hotel Management, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Sociology, Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 3, Issue (2), Pages 40-43, February,14 (2014)


Tourism is a short term temporary movement of people from one place to another place far away from where they work and residence, for leisure pleasure, recreation and business purposes etc. as primary purpose. The tourist will not involve in any remunerative activity at the destination. It is the natural phenomenon the host and guest will come interact with each other at the destination, which will influence mainly on host culture. At present tourism has become an area of social science analyses. Tourism is a multidisciplinary and now become complex phenomena, which has been investigated from a various perspectives of social science, including sociology. The sociological literature is mainly concerned with the range of different areas which have been approached mainly from applied customs, traditions, faith, ceremonies and way of living of a culture at a destination in the form social science. These are also concerned with the social roles of tourist, tourist impact on society, tourist behaviour, and factors affects the society norms, beliefs, thoughts and traditions etc. at the destination. This study investigates the socio-cultural and sociological effects of contact between tourists from developed nations on the host of a developing country. The study is mainly conceptual in nature, a review paper and based on available literature on tourism impacts. The primary objective of the study is to highlight the positive and negative impacts of tourism on the basis of findings and researches available in the form of cultural impacts of tourism at a destination. The discuss how tourism development can be helpful for social and cultural development at a destination and how negative impacts can be minimize at the destination.


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