International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Level of Urbanization: An Empirical Study of North 24 Parganas

Author Affiliations

  • 1Majdia Rail Bazar High School, P.O. Majdia, Nadia, West Bengal, INDIA
  • 2 Dept. of Geography, Swami Niswambalananda Girls' College, P.O. Bhadrakali, Hooghly, West Bengal, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 3, Issue (10), Pages 12-20, October,14 (2014)


As the world gets increasingly urban, more than half of its population live in cities and towns. India and West Bengal too is catching up the trend. Urbanization inevitably is accompanied by some changes in the socio-economic character of the place which is going through the process of urbanization. North 24 Parganas has a long history of urbanization. The district had experienced a remarkable rate of urban growth both in terms increasing urban population and urban centres since 1951. The present study analyses the trend of urbanization and also detect the level of urbanization of the district on the basis of composite standardise values of some selected urbanity and socio-economic indicators and also focused on type of economical concentration in respect of urbanization level. Community Development (C.D) blocks have been selected as the spatial unit for present study. This article reveals that there is intra spatial disparity in the urbanization level and economic activity of the selected C.D. blocks.


  1. Lampard E.E., Historical aspects of urbanization in P.M. Houser and L.E. Schnore, The Study of Urbanization, Newyork (1965)
  2. Riseman L., The Urban Process, Newyork (1964)
  3. Pred A., Urban Growth and the City-Systems in United States,282 (1980), Retrieved by May 10, 2014, from
  4. Ramachandran R., Urbanization and Urban System in India, Oxford University Press (1989)
  5. Chand M. and Puri V.K., Regional Planning in India, Allied Publishers Limited (1982)
  6. Roychaudhuri J.R., An Introduction to Development and Regional Planning, Orient Longman Ltd. Kolkata (2001)
  7. Sarkar A., A Study of Urban Growth in West Bengal During the Period 1901-81, GeographicalReview of India, 51(4), 65-74 (1989)
  8. Sarkar A., Urbanization and City Size Distribution of West Bengal, India 1091-2001, Indian Journal ofRegional Science, 43(1), 9-16 ( 2011)
  9. Ghosh S., Introduction to Settlement Geography, Orient Longman, 47-52, (1998)
  10. Roy B.K., Urban Growth in India and its Contemporary Relevance, Geographical Review of India, 55(1), 12-21(1993)
  11. Paul S., Urbanization A Process of Development-A Case Study of The District North 24 Pargans, Retrieved by May 07, 2013, from http// /force_ download.php?filepath, “n.d” (2013)
  12. Paul and Chatterjee., Urbanization and Consistency Measurement A Study on The District of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India, Archives of Applied Science Research, 4(5), 2052-2067, (2012) , Retrieved by May 20, 2013, from http//
  13. Reddy P. Ch., Impact of Urbanization and Industrialization on Migration: A Case Study of Visakhapatnam City, Geographical Review of India, 53(4), 56-64 (1991)
  14. Ramesh D., Out-Migration of Labour from Rural Areas: A Study, Kurukshetra, 55(8), 28-33 (2007)
  15. Murphy, K.M. and Welch, F., Occupational Change and Demand for Skill, 1940-1990, 83(2), 122-126, (1993) Retrieved by May 26, 2013, from stable / 2117651
  16. Casetti, E., Equilibrium Population Partitions Between Urban and Agricultural Occupations, Geographical Analysis, 12(1), 47-54 (1980)
  17. Farouk EI.E.A., Urbanization and Rural Urban Migration in Sudan, Oriental Geographer, 34 (1and2) January and July, 51-70 (1990)
  18. Narain A.K., Impact of Rural Migration of Agricultural Labourers of Bihar in Assam (A Case study of Cachar District), Kurukshetra, 60(4), 24-27 (2012)
  19. Basu S., Occupational Structure of the Urban Units in the Lower Damodar Valley, Geographical Review of India, 53(4), 19-25 (1991)
  20. Mitra A., India’s Population: Aspects of Quality and Control, II, 593-603, Abhinav Publications New Delhi (1978)
  21. Census of India, District Census Handbook, 24 Parganas, West Bengal Series, 1951, 1961, 1971, 1981 (2014)
  22. Census of India, District Census Handbook, 24 Parganas, West Bengal Series, 1991 and 2001 (2014)
  23. Int. Res. J. Social Sci.International Science Congress Association 2026, 2013, from http// /Handbook_2001/24Pgs(N)1.pdf (2013)
  24. Economy of 24 PGS (N) District West Bengal, Retrieved by July 04, 2013, from http// /economynorth-24-parganas.html (2013)
  25. Brief Industrial Profile of North 24 Parganas District, West Bengal, and Retrieved by June 26, 2013, from http//www. (2013)
  26. De Barun. (Ed.), West Bengal District Gazetteers 24 Parganas, Education Department, Government of West Bengal, Bikash Bhavan, North Block, 8th Floor, Salt Lake City, Culcutta-700056 (1994)
  27. Hunter W.W., A Statistical Account of Bengal, 24 – Parganas, West Bengal District Gazetteers, Education Department, Govt. of West Bengal, Kolkata-700012 (1998)
  28. Dasgupta B. (Ed.), Urbanization Migration and Rural Change: A Study of West Bengal, A Mukherjee and Co. Pvt. Ltd., Calcutta-700073 (1988)