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A Constructivist Perspective on Teaching and Learning: A Conceptual Framework

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Institute of Educational Technology and Vocational Education, Panjab University, Chandigarh–160014, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 3, Issue (1), Pages 27-29, January,14 (2014)


Constructivism is a view that emphasizes the active role of students in building understanding and making sense of the information. The constructivist teaching is learner centred where students are actively involved in knowledge construction rather than mere passive listeners. Constructivists’ views can be organized in two forms: psychological and social. In Psychological constructivists’ view such as Piaget, students construct knowledge by transforming, organizing, reorganizing previous knowledge whereas in social constructivists’ view such as Vygotsky, opportunities are provided to students to learn through social interaction in construction of knowledge and understanding. The paper is an attempt to examine constructivist teaching and learning by providing indepth analysis of features of constructivist theory and its two forms (psychological and social) and the organization of a constructivist classroom.


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