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Role of Biometrics in Anthropological Settings

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (8), Pages 55-57, August,14 (2013)


Biometrics refers to the science concerned with the precise measurement of the characteristics of living things— “biometry”—such as dimensions and weights. Biometric techniques are used to study how individuals differ from one another. In present scenario, biometry to authenticate and identify person by their physical traits: face, hand shape (geometry), fingerprints and iris or retina pattern has emerged as a security solution. Therefore, biometrics has been a valuable tool to forensic anthropologist and scientists who can now build an accurate replica of a person‟s facial features starting with a skull. Anthropology play important dimension to see connections about historical and cultural development of biometrics in the world. In a world of new applications and constant experimentation, older biometrics such as fingerprinting and face recognition continued their central position. But Since the 1980s, technological advances have facilitated the production of high-quality devices that are relatively low in cost. For example, iris scan technology is already being piloted for bank pass machines (ATMs), and „live scan‟ Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS) are already popular with police forces throughout the world. The conclusion of the study is that consistent and rapid technological developments are centered somewhere on only a subset of the available methods of personal identification through biometrics. Some methods would be performance-specific and overall applicable for the implementation of particular applications and may be more acceptable regarding privacy, security and personal identification.


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