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Dr. B.R. Ambedkarís theory of State Socialism

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Dept. of Political Science, University of Gour Banga, Malda PO-Mokdumpur, Dist- West Bengal, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (8), Pages 38-41, August,14 (2013)

Abstract

This paper is made an attempt to explore the contributions of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar relating to 'ėState Socialism' in India. As an economist, he propagated that the state is the owner of the land. To him, the basic industries should be state monopolies. He thought that the state socialism can achieve by state control over land, industries, religions, caste and through an elaborate scheme of constitutional method. According to Ambedkar, caste consciousness hampers the all economic systems. He suggested nationalisation of life insurance and advocated state management and state ownership in industry for the benefit of the poor and down-trodden classes. The concept of state socialism is based on the principles of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. To him, men are different from each other due to their birth, mental ability and faculty, hereditary and social atmosphere, but they should have right to equal opportunities through the constitutional method. To promote rapid economic development through creation and expansion of infrastructure, promote redistribution of income and wealth, to create more employment opportunities, promote financial resources, to promote small- scale industries etc. are the objectives of the public sector or state-owned industries. The state is the owner of the land. It is the duty of the state to redistribute the land to those people who are poor farmers of the society. He wanted to abolish the Zamindars system.

References

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