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Educational progress in India in the Context of Out-of-School Children

Author Affiliations

  • 1 International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Mathematical Demography and Statistics, IIPS, Mumbai, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (5), Pages 6-14, May,14 (2013)


In this paper, we examined the level of out-of-school children in India from the most recent nationally representative household survey. The study aims to answer two key questions; first, what is the level of out-of-school children in India and second, what are the factors that keep children out-of-school. The analysis suggested that although there had been a decline in out-of-school children but, significant proportions of children still could not attend school. The study suggested that the urban poor had the highest probability to be out-of-school, but the presence of adult literate female in the household increased likelihood of enrolment. The study further suggested that the economic condition of the household had highest contribution to out-of-school children. The study also observed that the reasons for never attended school or dropout differ for male and female while boys had to provide financial assistance to the family, girls performed household activities.


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