International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Combining Academic Career and Motherhood: Experiences and Challenges of Women in Academia

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Political Science, Nagaland University – Lumami, Nagaland, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (4), Pages 12-15, April,14 (2013)


This paper is concerned with how women in academia with children combine and balance the needs of professional responsibilities and family life. The paper explores the barriers that they encounter and how they respond to them, and what personal and professional supports enable or disallow them to reach their fullest potential in both roles. This study draws on primary data gathered through methods of questionnaire and interview. The findings point that women in academia face unique challenges, which require further investigation so as to create an academic environment which is supportive of women trying to balance a career and motherhood.


  1. Sue Ledwith and Simonetta Manfredi, Balancing Gender in Higher Education: A Study of the Experience of Senior Women in a `New' UK University, European Journal of Women's Studies, (7), 7-33 (2000)
  2. Poole M., Establishing a research culture, HERDSA News, 13(2), 3–5 (1991)
  3. Bagilhole B. and White K., Created in their image: An analysis of male cultural hegemony in higher education in Australian and the United Kingdom in B. Groombridge and V. Mackie (Eds.) Re-searching research agendas: Women, research and publication in higher education. Proceedings of the Australian Technology Network—Women’s Executive Development (ATNWEXDEV)esearch Conference (pp. 1–12). Perth: Curtin University of Technology Learning Support Network, (2003)
  4. Valian Virginia., Solving a Work Problem in M.F. Fox (ed) Scholarly Writing and Publishing: Issues, Problems and Solutions, Boulder, CO: West view, 99-110, (1985)
  5. Spalter-Roth R., and Merola S., Early career pathways: Differences among moms and dads, childless men, and childless women in sociology, paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Anaheim, CA, (2001)
  6. Probert B., I just couldn't fit it in: Gender and unequal outcomes in academic careers, Gender, Work and Organization, 12 (1), 70 (2005)
  7. Gallant M.J. and Cross J.E., Wayward puritans in the ivory tower: Collective aspects of gender discrimination in academia, The Sociological Quarterly, 34,237-256 (1993)
  8. Anna Beninger., Women in Academia: A CrossCultural Perspective on WorkLife Balance. PS433 Research Report., August (2010) ( /berger/pdf/BeningerDissertationWomeninAcademia.pdf)
  9. Miller B. and Kaufman J.E., Beyond gender stereotypes: Spouse caregivers of persons with dementia, Journal of Aging Studies10:189-204,(1996)
  10. Arber S., Gilbert G.N. and Dale A., Paid employment and women’s health: A benefit or a source of role strain?, Sociology of Health and Illness, 7, 375-400 (1985)
  11. Barnett R. ., and Brennan R.T., Changes in job conditions change in psychological distress, and gender: A longitudinal study of dual-earner couples, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18, 253-274 (1997)
  12. Hochschild A.R., The second shift: Working parents and the revolution at home, New York: Viking Press, (1989)
  13. Hochschild A. R., The second shift: Working parents and the revolution at home, New York: Viking Press, (1989)
  14. Susan M. Allen and Pamela S. Webster., When Wives Get Sick: Gender Role Attitudes, Marital Happiness, and Husbands’ Contribution to Household Labor, Gender AndSociety,15, 898 (2001)
  15. Poole M., Bornholt L., and Summers F., An international study of the gendered nature of academic work: Some cross-cultural explorations, Higher Education, 34(3), 373–396 (1997)