International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Restorative Justice and Victims: Right to Compensation

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Dept of Criminology and Forensic Science, Karnataka Science College Dharwad, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (2), Pages 43-47, February,14 (2013)


The proponents of the justice argue that punishment is society’s customary response to crime; it neither meets the need of victim nor prevents re-offending. Restorative justice aims at encouraging offenders to take responsibility for the consequences of their actions, express repentance and repair the harm they have done. Restorative justice also emphasizes the reintegration of offenders into communities rather than their control through strategies of punishment and exclusion. Restorative justice is an evolving response to crimes that respect the dignity and equality of each person, builds understanding, and promotes social harmony. This process Provides an opportunity for victims to obtain reparation, feel safer and seek closure, allow offenders to game insight into the cause and effects of their behavior and take responsibility in a meaningful way, and enable communities to understand the underlying causes of crime. What required is a paradigm-shift from punitive justice, to restorative justice, which will meet to the need for restitution or reparation of harm to the victims and prevail over demand for punishment. In the light of above, an attempt will be taken to analyse the position of the victim under criminal justice system and the existing law on the victim’s right and compensation in India.


  1. Wright, M, ‘Justice for victims and offenders, Milton, Keynes, U.K. open University press (1991)
  2. Devasai V.V. ‘Victimology and the role of victims in crime, cohin University Law review, 84-85 (1980)
  3. Andrew karmen, crime victims: An introduction to victimology , wodsworth publishing, 8 (2003)
  4. Ahuja Ram, criminology: victim in crime, Rawath publication Division, New Delhi 388, 393, 396 (2006)
  5. The UN General Assembly Declaration on the basic principles of Justice for victims of crime and abuse of power (1985)
  6. Government of India, ‘Criminal Processor Code, (1773) Section, 357,357(1), 357(3), old subsection 545. (1973), probation offender Act, section 5,3 and 4 (1959) Law commission of India forty first report (1969)
  7. Srivastava S.S., Criminology Criminal Administration, Publication division, central law Agency, NewDelhi, 395-397 (2007)
  8. The supreme court of India’s discussion in the case of Delhi Domestic working women’s form v. union of India (1994)
  9. National Law commission reconditions for victims (1969)
  10. The UN general assembly’s adopted Declaration on the basic Principls of Justice for victims of crime and abuse of power (1985)
  11. Fatt E.A ‘Restorative and retributive Justice’ (London)(1995)
  12. Supreme court cases in the state of Gujarat v. Honorable High court of Gujarat for right to victims (2008)