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Factors Associated with Depression among Women

Author Affiliations

  • 1Independent Consultant, DADERUSO consultancies, Gaborone, BOTSWANA
  • 2 University of Botswana, Gaborone, BOTSWANA
  • 3 Botswana College of Agriculture, Gaborone, BOTSWANA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (12), Pages 13-17, December,14 (2013)


The study intended to formulate a conceptual model for understanding factors associated with depression among women from the perspective of the gender and power and Cognitive-behavioral theories. The authors reviewed empirical literature related to foundational explanations of two theories of gender power and cognitive-behavioral approaches as they relate to depression amongst women. Empirical data were reviewed, leading to the development of an integrated model for understanding and addressing depression amongst women. The model acknowledges the dominant role played by bio-chemical factors in predisposing one to depression, and contends that other intervening factors, in this case, mediator, should also be considered. It is recommended that academicians, social work practitioners, and health professional test the presented model within their respective localities.


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