International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Assessing the Economic Impact of Water Pollution - A Case Study of Musi River Hyderabad, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Economics, Osmania University, Hyderabad, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 2, Issue (1), Pages 18-23, January,14 (2013)


The Millennium Development Goals measure ‘access to improved drinking water using an indicator that defines access as the presence of an improved water source within 1 kilometer of a person’s dwelling. Water Pollution is one of the major problems in the urban and peri-urban areas in the world; it shows the positive and negative effect on the environment as well as human. The main source of pollution of the river is untreated or partially treated domestic and industrial wastewater from the urban area of Hyderabad. This paper mainly focuses on the four villages under Musi river downstream villages namely pratapa singaram, Enkiryala, surapally and Aroor among these four villages. Here I am using two sets of questioners one is household and second village questioner and ten persent of the random sampling in each village. The people spend more income on buying of fresh water. In Pratapa Singaram the annual expenditure is Rs.1,08,000/-, Enkiryala is Rs. 7,79,640/-, Surapally is Rs. 6,33,600/- and Aroor is Rs. 16,92,000, total water expenditure in the selected villages is Rs./- 32,30,000, in this selected villages most of the households were daily engaged on fetching of water from various locations of the nearby villages, the income pattern of the selected villages were indicate that their income spend more on buying fresh water this shows that the negative impact on the downstream villages people income.


  1. United Nations World Water Development Report(2003)
  2. Avalon Global Research, Water and Waste Water Treatment Opportunity in India, An Overview (2011)
  3. Charmes J., A Review of Empirical Evidence on Time Use in Africa from UNSponsored Surveys. In Gender, Time Use, and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa (WorldBank Working Paper No. 73), ed. C.M. Blackden and Q. Wodon, 39-72. WashingtonD.C., The World Bank (2006)
  4. Iven S., Does Increased Water Access Empower Women? Development, 51, 63-67 (2008)
  5. Hadjer, K., T. Klein., M. Schopp., Water consumption embedded in its social context, north-western Benin. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 30, 357-64 (2005)
  6. Blackden C.M., Q. Wodon., Gender., Time Use, and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank Working Paper No. 73, Washington D.C.: The World Bank Boulder, CO: Westview Press (2006)
  7. Sujatha T., Shatrugna V., Vidyasagar P., Begum N., Padmavathy N.S., Reddy G.C.K. and Rao. G.V.N. Timed activity studies for assessing the energy expenditure of women from an urban slum in South India. In Food and Nutrition Bulletin 24(2), 193-99(2003)
  8. Dufant A., Women Carrying Water: How it affects Their Health. Waterlines 6(3), 23-25 (1988)
  9. Pullaiah cheepi “Impact of pollution of Musi River Water in Down Stream Villages-A Study”. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis submitted to Department of Economics, Osmania University, Hyderabad India (2009)