International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Tourism and hospitality management degrees as perceived by the industry: a necessity or just a worthless option

Author Affiliations

  • 1School Director, ABE International Business College-Quezon City, Philippines

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 10, Issue (3), Pages 1-7, July,14 (2021)


The Tourism and Hospitality Industry- being one of the largest employers- is assumed to provide employment to tourism and hospitality management degrees completers who in the first place pursued the programs to establish a successful career in the said field. However what if the Industry is not solely for the graduates of these degrees? What if aside from consideration given to graduates of other courses, graduates of these directly aligned courses are not prioritized? Does this mean these degree courses are not worth it? This study carefully analyzed the necessity of Bachelor’s Degrees in Tourism and Hospitality Management through the viewpoint of the Tourism and Hospitality Industry. Results show that a baccalaureate in Tourism and Hospitality Management is not necessary in establishing some well-to-do career in the Industry, particularly in the accommodation, food and beverage, and air transport sectors, and is just an advantage and additional credential, as human resource managers and staffs of Hotels, Restaurants, and Airlines do not see it as a requirement. It was also found out that the aforementioned field is a major contributor to job mismatch and the probable cause of the unemployment of graduates of the degrees. Nevertheless, the Accommodation Sector compared to the Food and Beverage, and Air Transport Sectors has been determined to likely recognize Bachelor’s Degrees in Tourism and Hospitality most as they put more weight to College Degrees than what the two sectors do, thus, degree holders in the mentioned studies are more likely on succeeding in the Industry granting that a hotel work is opted, while the food and beverage sector is less recommended as an employer.


  1. Commission on Higher Education, Memorandum Order No. 62, Series of 2017, 2017, undefined, undefined
  2. Association of Graduate Careers Advisory Services (AGCAS) Editors. Travel and Tourism/ 09/ 2019, undefined, undefined
  3. Association of Graduate Careers Advisory Services (AGCAS) Editors. Hospitality Management/ 04/2019, undefined, undefined
  4. Glion Institute of Higher Education. Nine reasons why you need a job in Hospitality. Internships and Career Blog/ 11/06/2019, undefined, undefined
  5. William Blue College of Hospitality Management. 5 Benefits of a Degree in Travel & Tourism/ 28/08/2018, undefined, undefined
  6. Richardson, S. (2008). Undergraduate tourism and hospitality students attitudes toward a career in the industry: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism, 8(1), 23-46., undefined, undefined
  7. Aynalem, S., Birhanu, K., & Tesefay, S. (2016). Employment opportunities and challenges in tourism and hospitality sectors. Journal of Tourism & Hospitality, 5(6), 1-5., undefined, undefined
  8. Simon S. Hospitality Workers and Sexual Harassment/ 25/11/2017, undefined, undefined
  9. Ineson E., Yap M., Whiting G. (2013). Sexual discrimination and harassment in the hospitality industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management, Volume 35, pp. 1-9., undefined, undefined
  10. Theron N., Ukpere W., Spowart J.(2018). Perception of tourism graduates and the tourism industry on the important knowledge and skills required in the tourism industry. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, Volume 7, (Issue 4), pp. 1-18., undefined, undefined
  11. Kang S., Gould R.(2002). Hospitality Graduates, undefined, undefined
  12. Costa C., Breda Z., Malek A., Durao M. (2013). Employment Situation of Tourism Graduates Working In and Outside the Tourism Sector. GSTF International Journal on Business Review, Volume 3, (Issue 1), pp. 141-146. DOI: 10.5176/2010-4804_3.1.298, undefined, undefined
  13. Marchante A., Ortega B., Pagan R.(2007). An Analysis of Educational Mismatch and Labor Mobility in the Hospitality Industry. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, Volume 31, (Issue 3), pp. 299-320., undefined, undefined
  14. Lorenciana C. Skills mismatch hounds upbeat tourism industry. 16/06/2016, undefined, undefined
  15. De Castro G.(2017). Tracer Study of Hotel and Restaurant Management Graduates of One State College in the Philippines from 2014-2016. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences, Volume 4, (Issue 1), pp. 41-47., undefined, undefined
  16. Dimalibot G., Diokno J., Icalla M., Mangubat M., Villapanda L.(2013). Employment Status of the Tourism Graduates of Batch 2013 in Lyceum of the Philippines University-Batangas. Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, Volume 11, (Issue 1), pp. 46-56., undefined, undefined
  17. Buama C.(2018). Tracer and Employability Study: BS Tourism Graduates of Laguna State Polytechnic University Los Banos Campus. KnE Social Sciences, Volume 3, (Issue 6), pp. 243-253., undefined, undefined
  18. Hwang Y.(2017). What Is the Cause of Graduates’ Unemployment? Focus on Individual Concerns and Perspectives. Journal of Educational Issues, Volume 3, (Issue 2), pp. 1-10. DOI:10.5296/jei.v3i2.11378, undefined, undefined
  19. Sparber C., Fan J. (2012). Unemployment, Skills, and the Business Cycle since 2000. Economics Faculty Working Papers, Paper 20., undefined, undefined
  20. Mason G., Williams G., Cranmer S.(2009). Employability skills initiatives in higher education: what effects do they have on graduate labour market outcomes?.Education Economics, Volume 17, (Issue 1), pp. 1-30., undefined, undefined
  21. Hossain M., Yagamaran K., Afrin T., Limon N., Nasiruzzaman M., Karim A.(2018). Factors Influencing Unemployment among Fresh Graduates: A Case Study in Klang Valley, Malaysia/ International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Volume 8, (Issue 9), pp. 1494-1507., undefined, undefined
  22. Spinks R., Kopf D. Is tourism really the world’s largest industry?/ 11/10/2018, undefined, undefined
  23. Sofronov B. (2018). The Development of the Travel and Tourism in the world. Annals of Spiru Haret University, Volume 18, (Issue 4), pp. 123-137., undefined, undefined
  24. Commission on Higher Education. Higher Education Data and Indicators: AY 2009-10 to AY 2018-19., undefined, undefined