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Factors Determining Pattern of Unmet Need for Family Planning in Uttar Pradesh, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Centre for the study of Regional Development, School of Social science, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, INDIA
  • 2 CIPOD, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Social Sci., Volume 1, Issue (4), Pages 16-23, December,14 (2012)


Unmet need of Family planning programmes in country indicates the gaps between demand and supply of family planning services to the couple gap between service provider and acceptors. Adaptation and implementation of any voluntary family planning programmes by Govt. of any country wishes to improve the demographic situation at that particular time. So the concept and contents of FPP is dynamic in nature which changes over times. Unmet need for spacing includes pregnant women whose pregnancy was mistimed; and unmet need for limiting refers to pregnant women whose pregnancy was unwanted in NFHS-III in India. Uttar Pradesh is one of those high alert states where unmet need for family services is as high as its surrounding states like, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa and Chhattisgarh and most of the north eastern states. But over the time unmet need of contraception among currently married women, is continuously declining trends. The study is lacking behind in term of all demographic aspect as compare to the national context. The outcome of my work is that Govt. of India and particularly Uttar Pradesh have to take immediate steps to address the causes of unmet need mean to say where is the gap? Is it among service providers or service acceptors or family planning services is inadequate in Uttar Pradesh than demand? In many cases it was seen services are available but women are not using because her partner is not accepting who is the real decision maker of her fertility behaviours. One thing Govt. should have to organise frequent family planning awareness programme at the community level. Then in near future the demographic situation of Uttar Pradesh will change.


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