Antioxidant properties, physiochemical status and sensory evaluation of drumstick tree (Moringa oleifera Lam.): Herbal infusion for better health
- 1FBRC, Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) Laboratories Complex, Lahore-54600, Pakistan and CEES (College of Earth and Environmental sciences), University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
- 2FBRC, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
- 3CEES, University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
- 4FBRC, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
- 5FBRC, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
Res. J. of Pharmaceutical Sci., Volume 8, Issue (1), Pages 15-19, June,30 (2019)
Moringa oleifera is a plant having plenty of nutrients, minerals and phenolics content which can be utilized as a powerful solution of malnutrition. The main purpose of current study is evaluation of nutritional attributes, antioxidant activity and amount of tannins in Moringa oleifera leaves as well as furthers its utilization in preparation of herbal infusion. Moisture, Ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash and water extract of Moringa dried leaves were determined as 7.39±0.30%, 3.45±0.07%, 3.33±0.17%, 0.12±0.06% and 29.75±0.07%, respectively. A significant value of tannins and crude fiber were found as 2.05± 1.32 TAE/100g and 18.17±0.07%, respectively. Antioxidant activity of dry leaves powder of Moringa oleifera was estimated through DPPH free radical scavenging assay which is 91.81% at 1.0mg/mL concentration. Current results exhibited that M. oleifera herbal infusion comprises of considerable dietary value and towering antioxidant properties may be exploited as functional food with immense therauptic /remedial benefits.
- Rockwood J.L., Anderson B.G. and Casamatta D.A. (2013)., Potential Uses of Moringa Oleifera and an examination of antibiotic efficacy conferred by M. Oleifera seed and leaf extracts using crude extraction techniques available to under- served indigenous populations., Int. J. Phytothearpy Res., 3(2), 61-71.
- Rangkadilok N., Worasuttayangkurn L., Bennett R.N. and Satayavivad J. (2005)., Identification and quantification of polyphenolic compounds in longan (Euphoria longana Lam.) fruit., Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53(5), 1387-1392.
- Anwar F., Latif S., Ashraf M. and Gilani A.H. (2007)., Moringa oleifera: A Food Plant with Multiple Medicinal Uses., Phytotherapy Res., 21, 17-25.
- Kasolo J.N., Bimenya G.S., Ojok L., Ohieng J. and Ogwal-okeng J.W. (2010)., Phytochemicals and uses of Moringa Oleifera leaves in Ugandan Rural communities., J. Med. Plants Res., 4, 753-757.
- Berkovich L., Earon G., Ron I., Rimmon A., Vexler A. and Lev-Ari S. (2013)., Moringa Oleifera aqueous leaf extract down-regulates nuclear factor-kappa B and increases cytotoxic effect of chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer cells, BMC Complement., Altern. Med., 13, 212-219.
- De Cock H.L., Kinnear M. and Geel L. (2005)., Relating consumer preferences to sensory attributes of instant coffee., Food Quality and Preference., 16(3), 237-244.
- Fuglie L.J. (2005)., The Moringa Tree: A Local solution to malnutrition., Church World Service in Senegal.
- Barminas J.T., Charles M. and Emmanuel D. (1998)., Mineral Composition of non-conventional leafy vegetables., Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., 53, 29-36.
- Ijarotimi O.S., Adeoti O. and Ariyo O. (2013)., Comparative Study on nutrient composition, phytochemical, and functional characteristics of raw, germinated, and fermented Moringa Oleifera seed flour., Food Sci. Nutr., 1(6), 452-463.
- Sallau B., Mada S.B., Ibrahim S. and Ibrahim U. (2012)., Effect Of boiling, simmering and blanching on the antinutritional content of Moringa Oleifera leaves., Int. J. Food Nutr. Saf., 2, 1-6.
- Cerf M.E. (2013)., Beta Cell dysfunction and insulin resistance, Front., Endocrinol., 4, 1-12.
- Asiedu-Gyekye I.J., Frimpong-Manso S., Awortwe C., Antwi D.A. and Nyarko A.K. (2014)., Micro- And macroelemental composition and safety evaluation of the nutraceutical Moringa Oleifera leaves., J. Toxicol., 2, 1-13.
- Nair M.K., Varghese C. and Swaminathan R. (2005)., Cancer Current scenario, inter vention strategies and projections for 2015., Burd. Dis. India., 219-225.
- Jung I.L. (2014)., Soluble Extract from Moringa oleifera leaves with a new anti- cancer activity., PLOS ONE., 9, 1-10.
- Siddhuraju P. and Becker K. (2003)., Antioxidant properties of various solvent extracts of total phenolic constituents from three different agroclimatic origins of drumstick tree leaves., J. Agri. and Food chem., 51, 2144-2155.
- Pakistan Standards for Quality Analysis of black tea. PS (2007)., undefined, undefined
- Shafiq M., Mehmood S., Yasmeen A., Khan S.J., Khan N.H. and Ali S. (2017)., Evaluation of Phytochemical, Nutritional and Antioxidant Activity of Indigenously Grown Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.)., J. Sci. Res., 9, 135-143.
- Ranganna S. (1986)., Handbook of analysis and quality control for fruit and vegetable., 2nd ed. New Dehli.
- Adnan M., Ahmad A., Ahmed A., Khalid N., Hayat I. and Ahmed I. (2013)., Chemical composition and sensory evaluation of tea (Camellia sinensis) commercialized in Pakistan., Pak. J. Bot, 45(3), 901-907.
- Prism G.P. (2009)., Graphpad software., San Diego, California, USA (www. Graphpad. Com).
- Sulaiman M. and fazilah A.M. (2015)., Analysis of total phenolics, tannins and flavonoids from Moringa oleifera seed extract., J. Chem. and Pharma. Res., 7(1), 132-135.
- Iqbal S. and Bhanger M.I. (2006)., Effect of season and production location on antioxidant activity of Moringa oleifera leaves grown in Pakistan., Journal of food Composition and Analysis, 19(6-7), 544-551.