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Analysis of Laws Regulating Nuclear Science and Compensating Victims of Radiological accidents in India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Name of Institution-Balaji Law College, S.No 3/1+4,Aundh-Ravet, Road, Tathawade, Pune, Country, INDIA

Res. J. Management Sci., Volume 2, Issue (8), Pages 16-19, August,6 (2013)


Advancement in science and technology especially in nuclear science has emerged as a boon for mankind in the form of Carbon free and clean source of energy. Also nuclear industry in India is growing and is expected to form energy-mix of the country. But at the same time it has turned out to be bane in the form of radioactive accident and pollution endangering individual, property and environment; posing threat to Fundamental Right to live with dignity and to clean and healthy environment. The geographical scope of damage caused by nuclear accident may have national and trans-boundary effects. An unlikely event like nuclear accident may worsen up the situation. Number of legislations at National and Inter-National level have been enacted to provide liability for nuclear damage, compensation to victims of nuclear incident, but such laws are in their nascent stage and suffer from loopholes. The present paper focuses on Constitutional and legislative provisions, international instruments, dealing with radioactive pollution and harmful radiations, principles of environment law for e.g. Polluter pays, Precautionary principle, and Compensatory jurisprudence evolved by judiciary, for sustainable development. i. Certain unaddressed issues pertaining to, whether victims of radiological accident are entitled to adequate compensation and on whom the Burden of Proof lies? ii. Plight of victims of Radiological accident that took place at Mayapuri scrap metal bazaar, New Delhi. iii. Critical analysis of laws regulating radioactive pollution and brings forth its inefficiency to immediately compensate victims of radiological accident. This article mainly focuses on laws regulating radioactive pollutants and radiations. Also in the wake of radiological accident at Mayapuri scrap metal bazaar (in March) at New Delhi it is important to bring forth inefficiency of laws regulating radioactive pollution and to compensate victims of radiological accident.


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