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Microgrid and its current status in India: a review

Author Affiliations

  • 1Electrical Engineering, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India
  • 2Electrical Engineering, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India
  • 3Electrical Engineering, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India
  • 4Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, India

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 7, Issue (1), Pages 11-15, January,26 (2018)


The traditional power systems globally depends upon the conventional method of power generation by the combination of fossil fuels, but these fuels are being exhausted rapidly and in future it will create huge fuel crises. The global research activities therefore have already initiated to find out the alternatives source of energy through the maximum utilization of renewable energy resources. The individual capacity of renewable energy resources such as, Photovoltaic Generator, and Wind turbine, etc. are small compared to the traditional generation technology such as thermal power station. In this scenario microgrid system is emerging as a probable solution for the power crises. The microgrid is an interconnected system of different types of energy resources such as photovoltaic, wind energy, Biomass, small hydroelectric generation statics, fossil fuel etc. which needs proper coordination for satisfactory operation to meet the load demands. To achieve this coordination, microgrid itself requires good infrastructures so that it can operate in grid and Islanded mode as well as in the situation while faults have occurred in the power network. This paper presents a literature review on the microgrid, its components and its current status in India.


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