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Design and optimization of a low pressure vessel

Author Affiliations

  • 1BIT Durg, Chhattisgarh, India
  • 2BIT Durg, Chhattisgarh, India

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 6, Issue (7), Pages 1-6, August,26 (2017)

Abstract

A pressure vessel is cylindrical closed container in which liquid or gas can be hold at a pressure other than the ambient pressure. The caps fitted at the ends of the cylindrical body are called as heads. The aim of this research is to carry out detailed design & analysis of a pressure vessel for the application of air storage. It is a low pressure vessel since the internal pressure is 1.48 MPa. In this research paper geometrical and finite element model of pressure vessel (for air storage application) has been done using ANSYS 15.0 software. Optimization process has been also applied using ANSYS 15.0 by screening method. This optimized value reduces the stresses (13.10 % for head and 9.088 % for shell) in the pressure vessel, which will increase the life of the pressure vessel and reduce the chances of bursting the pressure vessel. The optimized value of mass reduces the weight (18.57% for shell), hence reduce the material cost of the vessel.

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