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Exploring Inclusive Dimension for the Assessment of Level of Inclusion

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Architecture and Planning, MANIT, Bhopal – 462010, INDIA

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 4, Issue (7), Pages 1-9, July,26 (2015)


The Urban population in the developing world is expected to increase exponentially in the coming decades. For the case of India, the urban population has increased from 290 million to 377 million and the number of urban cities and towns has increased from 5,161 to 7,935 in 2011 as per the current census of India when compared to 2001. The slums population in India is expected to touch 90.06 million in 2011. While undertaking physical planning of urban areas, town planners are confronted with issues related to the efficiency of the urban settlements which largely depend on how well they are planned, developed and how efficiently they are managed. In the typical prevailing development scenario the urban population in the country has limited access to infrastructure such as water supply, drainage, sewerage and scientific solid waste disposal. Further, cities have to face the problem of inequities in distribution among different income groups of population. Infrastructure inadequacies and inequitable distribution are accompanied by the absence of efficient and effective management which has to be addressed in right earnest. The broad outlines of current thinking are expressed in the Global Planner's Network document on ‘Reinventing Planning’, which sees planning as promoting integrated, inclusive and participatory development, in contrast to past technocratic and narrow physical planning approaches to spatial planning have also been emerging for some time, and there have been initiatives to develop more appropriate approaches for developing countries. Thus present paper explores possible parameters of inclusion in urban planning from literature. It also propose a framework for the assessment of level of inclusion for a city and demonstrate for the case of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.


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