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Innovative Plasma Technology in Textile Processing: A Step towards Green Environment

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Textile Chemistry, Faculty of Tech. and Engg.,The M. S. University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, INDIA
  • 2

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 2, Issue (4), Pages 34-39, April,26 (2013)


Langmuir I. invented plasma terminology in 1926 as 4th state of the matter. Plasma is a special state of matter in which existing at the same time positive ions, negative ions, electrons... and the total positive charge is equal to negative charge. Since plasma is related to high energy charged particles, so people can use plasma to give energy to other compounds for surface treatment, etching, cleaning, sputtering. This technology can be explored in the field of textile processing as an unconventional process. The conventional wet treatments applied in textile processing for fibre surface modification and others are associated with many constraints. These treatments mainly concern with energy, cost and environmental issues. Application of Plasma technology at low temperature in textile processing can prove to be the best alternative for these issues. Various machines and techniques have been developed for generation and application of plasma to the textile materials. The innovative reactions mainly occur on the fibre surface, forming free radicals resulting in surface modification. Plasma technology can be explored in various areas of textile processing e.g. surface modification of fibres, removal of natural/added impurities from the textile material, improvement of wettability of textiles and imparting functional finishing which have been reviewed considerably in this communication.


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