International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effects of Lateral Spacing and Irrigation Scheduling on Drip Irrigated Cabbage (Brassica Oleracea) in a Semi Arid Region of India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Civil Engineering, Graphic Era University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Civil Engineering,G. B. Pant Engineering College, Pauri Grahwal, INDIA TAFE, Muzaffarpur,INDIA

Res. J. Engineering Sci., Volume 1, Issue (5), Pages 1-6, November,26 (2012)


In order to evaluate the effect of irrigation levels (25, 75, 125, 175 and 225% of pan evaporation replenishment) and lateral spacing (0.5 and 1.0m) on marketable yield, irrigation production efficiency and economic return of cabbage under drip irrigation system and semi arid climate, a field experiment was conducted at the Irrigation Research Farm of Allahabad, India. The study was carried out during the winter crop growing season of 2009-2010 (Nov. to March) on clay loam soil. The highest mean marketable yield of cabbage (90.51 t/ha) during crop growing season was recorded when irrigation was applied at 175% of pan evaporation replenishment with 1.0m lateral spacing due to the higher mean head weight (2.26 kg). A further increase in irrigation amount resulting from 225% of pan evaporation replenishment reduces the marketable yield significantly due to significant reduction in mean head weight (2.15 kg). Irrigation at 25% of pan evaporation replenishment gave the higher irrigation production efficiency (61.59 kg/m3) with 1.0m lateral spacing. It decreases significantly with increase in irrigation level. Minimum irrigation production efficiency was recorded with 225% of pan evaporation replenishment (13.36 kg/m) with 0.5m lateral spacing because it increases seasonal water applied considerably but decreases the marketable yield. Irrigation at 175% of pan evaporation replenishment and 1.0m lateral spacing resulted in higher gross return (271530 Rs/ha), net return (210972 Rs/ha) and benefit cost ratio (4.48). In spite of high initial investment, drip irrigation method is highly profitable for cabbage production with 1.0m lateral spacing.


  1. Stegman E.C., Efficient irrigation timing methods for corn production, Trans ASAE,29(1), 203-210 (1986)
  2. Wanjura D.F., Upchurch and Mahan J.R., Evaluating decision criteria for irrigation scheduling in cotton Trans ASAE 33, 512-518 (1990)
  3. Imtiyaz M., Mgadla N.P., Chepet B. and Manase S.K., Marketable yield, water use efficiency an decobomicreturn of cabbage, carrot an donion as influenced by irrigation schedules, Proc. Of international AgricultralEngineerng coference, Asian institute of technology, Bangkok, 312-328(2000d)
  4. Mateos L., Bregena J., Orgaz F., Diz J and Froress E.comparison between drip and furrow in cotton at two levels of water supply, Agric. Water Manag., 119 , 313-324 (1991)
  5. Tiwari K.N. and Reddy K.Y., Economic analysis of trickle irrigation system considering planting geometryWater Manage., 34, 195-206 (1998)
  6. Goldberg D. and Sumeli M.,Drip irrigation- A method used under arid conditions of high water and soil salinity,Transactions of the ASAE 13(1), 38-41 (1970)
  7. Mgadla N.P., Imtiyaz M. and Chepte B., Wheat production as influenced by limited irrigationpaper No.-2Department of Agricultural Research, Botswana, 22 (1995)
  8. Imtiyaz M., Mgadla N.P., Chepet K. and Mothobi EYield and economic return of vegetables crops under variable irrigation, Irrig. Sci.1987
  9. Camp C.R., Sadler E.J. and Busscher W.J.of uniformity measures for drip irrigations systemsTransactions of the ASAE, 40(4)
  10. Mahadi M., Kaisi A.I., Berrada A. and Stack M.Evaluation of irrigation scheduling programme and spring wheat yield response in South Western Colorado, Agricultural water management
  11. Srivastava P.K., Parikh M.M., Swami N.G. anEffect of irrigation and mulching on tomato yieldWater Manage, 25, 179-184 (1994)
  12. Fekadu Y. and Teshome T., Effect of drip and furrow irrigation and plant spacing on yield of tomato at Dire Dawa, Ethopia, Agric. Water Manage
  13. Sivanappam R.K., Kumara O.P. and Kumar V.irrigation, Deerthi publishing House, Coimbatore, India (1987)