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Diversity and importance of the genus Ficus L. from an urban forest: The case study of Fergusson College Campus, Pune, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Botany, Fergusson College, Pune-411004, India
  • 2Department of Botany, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 9, Issue (4), Pages 74-79, October,22 (2020)


Urban forests are composed of diversified tree species ranging from invasive to indigenous ones. Ficus species in an urban environment plays a massive role in providing various ecosystem services. Earlier studies in pristine forest ecosystems have already proved the importance of Ficus trees in nature. Most frugivorous avian and chiropteran species depend on the fleshy fig fruits as they provide them with a balanced diet. A diversified group of animal ranging from aves (domestic pigeons, parrots, koel and many more) to an advanced class of mammals (frugivorous bats, insectivorous bats, squirrels, mongoose and many more) depend on the substantial numbers of Ficus species population for nourishment supply and habitation (nesting, settling, roosting, perching and many more) in an urban forest. Ficus benghalensis has recorded the most visitors by chiropterans and avian species in the current study. The present work throws light on the diversity of Ficus species from an urban surrounding and their interactions with animals. Hence, this data will prove to be instrumental in selecting plant species for afforestation drives in a city, which will boost the conservation of urban biodiversity.


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