8th International Science Congress (ISC-2018).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Application of Nickel Calciate Nanoparticles in the Photodegradation of direct green 6 Dye

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of P.G. Studies and Research in Envi. Science, Kuvempu University, Jnana Sahyadri, Shankaraghatta, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
  • 2Dept. of P.G. Studies and Research in Envi. Science, Kuvempu University, Jnana Sahyadri, Shankaraghatta, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
  • 3Department of P.G. Studies and Research in Chemistry, Kadur P.G Center, Kuvempu University, Kadur, Karnataka, India
  • 4Department of Chemistry, Government Science College, Hassan, Karnataka, India
  • 5Dept. of P.G. Studies and Research in Envi. Science, Kuvempu University, Jnana Sahyadri, Shankaraghatta, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (6), Pages 12-18, June,22 (2018)

Abstract

Dyes are components associated with major water pollution and results in several health issues, so that alternative technologies are required in the treatment of dye effluent. In study mainly focused on photodegradation on Direct Green 6 (DG6) a textile dye by using synthesized Nickel Calciate (NiCaO2) nanoparticles and these nanoparticles were prepared by economically viable method by using acetamide as a fuel. The characterization was done by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), Brunauer Emmett-Teller surface area determination and UV-absorption spectroscopy. The results suggested that that, the band gap was found to be 3.3eV and also point zero charge was found to be 11.7, it is determined by pH drift method. Photocatalytic degradation was determined against DG6, with respect to parameters such as catalyst concentration, pH, dye concentration and in different conditions. From these experimental results we came to know that, the optimum catalyst concentration and pH was found to be 0.3g/100ml at pH 8. The maximum degradation was found to be 91.80%. Hence, the efficiency of photodegradation of DG6 dye by using NiCaO2 nanoparticles was ascertained.

References

  1. Weldemariam Y. and Welderfael T. (2015)., Photocatalytic Degradation of Methyl Orange by Ag-N Co-Doped ZnO Nanoparticles., Chemistry and Materials Research, 7(8), 40-49.
  2. Elavarasi N. and Priya G.P. (2015)., Decolourization of Methyl Orange Dye from Synthetic Waste water using Biosynthesized Iron Nanoparticles., International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, 6(1), 423-430.
  3. Chatchai P., Nosaka A.Y. and Nosaka Y. (2013)., Photoelectrocatalytic performance of WO3/BiVO4 toward the dye degradation., Electrochimica Acta, 94, 314-319. doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2013.01.152.
  4. Gopalappa H., Yogendra K., Mahadevan K.M. and Madhusudhana N. (2012)., A comparative study on the solar photocatalytic degradation of Brilliant Red azo dye by CaO and CaMgO2 nanoparticles., International Journal of Science Research, 1(2), 91-95.
  5. Malato S., Blanco J., Vidal A. and Richter C. (2002)., Photocatalysis with solar energy at a pilot-plant scale: an overview., Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 37, 1-15.
  6. Pandey A., Singh P. and Iyengar L. (2007)., Bacterial decolorization and degradation of azo dyes., International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 59(2), 73-84.
  7. Madhusudhana N., Yogendra K., Mahadevan K.M. and Santhosh A.M. (2017)., Synthesis and Appalication of MgZnSro3 Nano-Particle to the Photocatalytic Decolourization of Victoria Blue B Dye (VBB)., International Journal of Advance Research in Science and Engineering, 6(8), 52-61.
  8. Madhusudhan N., Yogendra K., Mahadevan K.M. and Kiran G.R. (2017)., Synthesis and Apllication of MgZnSrO3 Nano-particle for the Photocatalytic decolurization of Coralene Dark Red 2B Azo Dye (CDR 2B)., AGU International Journal of Science and Technology, 5, 1-10.
  9. Santhosh A.M., Yogendra K., Mahadevan K.M. and Madhusudhana N. (2017)., Photodegradation of Congo Red azo dye, a Carcinogenic Textile dye by using synthesized Nickel Calciate Nanoparticles., International Journal of Advance Research in Science and Engineering, 6(7), 51-64.
  10. Shilpa G., Yogendra K., Mahadevan K.M. and Madhusudhana N. (2017)., Synthesis of Znal2o4 Nano-Particles and Its Application for Photo-Catalytic Decolourization of Model Azo Dye Acid Red 88 in Presence of Natural Sunlight., IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry, 10(7), 35-41. DOI: 10.9790/5736-1007023541.
  11. Kiran G.R., Yogendra K., Mahadevan K.M. and Madhusudhana N. (2017)., Solar Photocatalytic decolourization of Direct blue 14 dye by using Synthesized SrO Nanoparticles., International Journal of Advance Technology in Engineering and Science, 5(7), 173-182.
  12. Gurushantha K., Anantharaju K.S., Nagabhushana H., Sharma S.C., Vidya Y.S., Shivakumara C., Nagaswarupa H.P., Prashantha S.C. and Anilkumar M.R. (2015)., Chemical Facile green fabrication of iron-doped cubic ZrO2 nanoparticles by Phyllanthus acidus : Structural, photocatalytic and photoluminescent properties., Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 397, 36-47. doi:10.1016/2014.10.025.
  13. Ye L.I.U., Qin M.L., Zhang L., Jia B.R., Cao Z.Q., Zhang D.Z. and Qu X.H. (2015)., Solution combustion synthesis of Ni-Y2O3 nanocomposite powder., Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 25(1), 129-136. doi: 10.1016/S1003-6326(15) 63587-7.
  14. Yang T., Xia D., Chen G. and Chen Y. (2009)., Influence of the surfactant and temperature on the morphology and physico-chemical properties of hydrothermally synthesized composite oxide BiVO4., Materials Chemistry and Physics, 114, 69-72. doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys. 2008.08.005.
  15. Kulkarni S.D., Kumbar S., Menon S.G., Choudhari K.S. and Santhosh C. (2016)., Magnetically separable core-shell ZnFe2O4,ZnO nanoparticles for visible light photodegradation of methyl orange., Materials Research Bulletin, 77, 70-77. doi.org/10.1016/ j.materresbull. 2016.01.022.
  16. Sobana N., Thirumalai K. and Swaminathan M. (2016)., Kinetics of Solar Light Assisted Degradation of Direct Red 23 on Activated Carbon-loaded Zinc Oxide and Influence of Operational Parameters., Canadian Chemical transactions, 4(1), 77-89. doi.org/10.13179/canchemtrans. 2016.04.01.0258
  17. Sangari N.U. and Velusamy P. (2016)., Photocatalytic Decoloration Efficiencies of ZnO and TiO2 : A Comparative Study., Journal of Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2(1), 42-45.
  18. Bdewi S.F., Abdulrazaka A.M. and Aziz B.K. (2015)., Catalytic Photodegradation of Methyl orange using MgO nanoparticles prepared by molten salt method., Asian Transactions on Engineering, 5(6), 1-5.
  19. Subramani A.K., Byrappa K., Ananda S., Lokanatha Rai K.M., Ranganathaiah C. and Yoshimura M. (2007)., Photocatalytic degradation of indigo carmine dye using TiO2 impregnated activated carbon., Bulletin of materials science, 30, 37-41. doi:10.1007/s12034-007-0007-8.
  20. Sakthivel S., Neppolian B., Shankar M.V, Arabindoo B., Palanichamy M. and Murugesan V. (2003)., Solar photocatalytic degradation of azo dye : comparison of photocatalytic efficiency of ZnO and TiO2., Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 77, 65-82.
  21. Turchi C.S. and Ollis D.F. (1990)., Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Water Contaminants: Mechanisms Involving Hydroxyl Radical Attack., Journal of Catalysis, 122, 178-192.
  22. Guillard C., Lachheb H., Houas A., Ksibi M., Elaloui E. and Herrman J.M. (2003)., Influence of chemical structure of dyes of pH and of inorganic salts on their phtocatlytic degradation by TiO2 Comparison of efficiency of powder and supported TiO2., Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 158, 27-36. doi:10.1016/ S1010-6030 (03)00016-9
  23. Mehta R. and Surana M. (2012)., Comparative study of photo-degradation of dye Acid Orange-8 by Fenton reagent and Titanium Oxide- A review., Der Pharma Chemica, 4(1), 311-319.
  24. Natarajan K., Natarajan T.S., Bajaj H.C. and Tyade R.J. (2011)., Photocatalytic reactor based on UV-LED /TiO2 coated quartz tube for degradation of dyes., Chemical Engineering Journal, 178, 40-49. doi: 10.1016/ j.cej. 2011.10.007.
  25. Neppolian B., Choi H.C., Sakthivel S., Arabindoo B. and Murugesan V. (2002)., Solar light induced and TiO2 assisted degradation of textile dye reactive blue., Chemosphere, 46(8), 1173-1181.
  26. Habib A., Shahadat T., Bahadur N.M., Ismail I.M.I. and Mahmood A.J. (2013)., Synthesis and characterization of ZnO-TiO2 nanocomposites and their application as photocatalysts., International Nano Letters, 3(5), 1-8. doi:10.1186/2228-5326-3-5.
  27. Chakrabarti S. and Dutta B.K. (2004)., Photocatalytic degradation of model textile dyes in wastewater using ZnO as semiconductor catalyst., Journal of Hazardous Materials B, 112, 269-278. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.05.013.
  28. Raveendra R.S., Prashanth P.A., Krishna R.H., Bhagya N.P., Nagabhushana B.M., Naika H.R., Lingaraju K., Nagabhushana H. and Prasad B.D. (2014)., Synthesis, structural characterization of nano ZnTiO3 ceramic : An effective azo dye adsorbent and antibacterial agent., Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, 2(4), 357-365. doi.org/ 10.1016/j.jascer.2014.07.008.
  29. Movahedi M., Mahjoub A.R. and Darzi J.S. (2009)., Photodegradation of Congo red in Aqueous Solution on ZnO as an Alternative Catalyst to TiO2., Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society, 6(3), 570-577.
  30. Santiago G.A., Mayen S.A., Delgado G.T., Perez C.R., Maldonado A. and Olvera-de-la M.L. (2010)., Photocatalytic degradation of Methylene blue using undoped and Ag doped TiO2 thin films deposited by a sol gel process: Effect of the ageing time of the starting solution and the film thickness., Materials Science and Engineering B, 174(1-3), 84-87. doi:10.1016/j.mseb. 2010.03.009.