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Hydrogeochemistry and qualitative assessment of groundwater resources in Digapahandi block of Odisha, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Geology, MPC Autonomous Colleges, Baripada, Odisha, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (6), Pages 6-11, June,22 (2018)

Abstract

Digapahandi area of Ganjam is a chronically drought prone and economically poor region in Orissa. The economy of the area is basically agrarian. Surface water irrigation is not adequate. Drinking water scarcity is very acute during summer. The systematic and logical evaluation of groundwater resources qualitatively is essential for sustainable utilization and management of groundwater in this area. Comparison of the potable water standards (ISI, 1983) with the various water quality parameters of ground water from aquifers reveals that groundwater comes under potable category with respect to maximum permissible limit. It is a general observation that the water from deeper aquifers have superior quality than that of the shallow aquifers. Therefore, from the quality aspect, the water from deep bore wells is most suitable. Ions of higher concentration are normally observed in villages like S.Tikarapada, Samantarapur, Pentha, Ankorda, Kusapada, Baligudi and Basudevpur with respect to SAR, RC, TDS, Percent Sodium, Magnesium Hazard and P.I., the ground water of both dug wells and bore wells falls within good to excellent category for agricultural uses except very few cases.

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