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Urban planning and vegetation in Togo: what approaches for the mitigation of global warming in the city of Lomé in a context of climate change?

Author Affiliations

  • 1Laboratory of forest researches, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lomé, 01BP 1515 Lomé 01-Togo
  • 2Laboratory of forest researches, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lomé, 01BP 1515 Lomé 01-Togo
  • 3Laboratory of forest researches, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lomé, 01BP 1515 Lomé 01-Togo

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (2), Pages 67-73, February,22 (2018)


Urban planning must take into account the preservation of the balance of the ecosystem by prioritizing vegetation for sustainable development. The city of Lomé, inseparable from the green spaces in the colonial time is today in rapid urbanization. The purpose of this research is to analyze the evolution of the temperature and the mismatch between urban planning and the gradual disappearance of the vegetation cover in the prospect to seek an approach to sustainable urban planning. The methodology relied on the use of the technique of Visual (image-interpretation) and digital analysis of images by remote sensing at 30 m resolution. The resulting vector file has been used to extract the study area on satellite images of the years 1986-2000-2013-2016.The process took into account classes of Vegetation-built occupation, compared with the rise in the temperature average of the same years. It appears clear that the mineralization of the soil at the expense of the canopy is the raison of the rise of temperatures in Lomé. Only the urban planning of the vegetation cover can mitigate warming in Lomé.


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