International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Conserving wood biodiversity with the help of wood science and technology

Author Affiliations

  • 1Forest Products Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 7, Issue (11), Pages 42-44, November,22 (2018)


Over the past few years, several emerging technologies have been introduced to produce eco-friendly wood based products. The concept of wood modification has moved from the development phase to reality of late as many wood modification methods have been adopted and implemented successfully across the globe for its sustainable use for a longer run. Many of these technologies add value through modification and enhancement of various wood properties by means of increasing the service life of the product and maintaining the biodiversity in return as the consumption of raw material becomes less. Among the wood modification technologies, microwave treatment is found to be highly effective as it has the flair in it and henceforth is gaining popularity because of having many advantages over other conventional modification techniques in practice. If implemented successfully this technique can result in subsequently lesser energy consumption for woodworking processes and sustainable use of the arte facts for eons.


  1. Thompson I.D., Okabe K., TylIanakis J.M., Kumar P., Brockrhoff E.G., Schellhorn N.A., Parrotta J.A. and Nasi R. (2011)., Forest Biodiversity and the Delivery of Ecosystem Goods and Services: Translating Science into Policy., Bioscience, 61(12), 972-981.
  2. Anon (2008)., Methods of laboratory testing of wood preservatives against fungi., IS:4873 (2008). Bureau of Indian standards. 9, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi, India.
  3. Torgovnikov G. and Vinden P. (2006)., New microwave technology and equipment for wood modification., AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings, 1497-1498.
  4. Torgovnikov G. and Vinden P. (2009)., High intensity microwave wood modification for increasing permeability., Forest Products Journal, 59(4), 84-92.
  5. Treu A., Rieche H. and Militz H. (2008)., Spruce and pine heartwood treatment by means of microwave radiation, IRG document no. IRG/WP 08-40411 the International Research Group on Wood Protection, Stockholm.
  6. Seyfarth R., Leiker M. and Mollekopf N. (2003)., Continuous drying of lumber in a microwave vacuum kiln., Proceedings of 8th International IUFRO Wood Drying Conference, Brasov, Romania, 8, 159-163.
  7. Bao F.C. and Lv J.X. (1992)., A study on fluid permeability of important Chinese woods., Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 28(3), 237-246.
  8. Zielonka P. and Gierlik E. (1999)., Temperature distribution during conventional and microwave wood heating., HolzalsRoh- und Werkstoff, 57(4), 247-249.
  9. Tripathi S. (2013)., Indian Patent., 2, 57, 393.
  10. Tripathi S. (2012)., Treatability evaluation of meranti with ZiBOC and CCA., International Wood Products Journal, 3(2), 70-76.
  11. McAlister W.R. and Resch H. (1971)., Drying 1-inch ponderosa pine lumber with a combination of microwave power and hot air., Forest Prod. J, 21(3), 26-34.
  12. Meredith R. (1998)., Engineers, Institution of Electrical Engineers, London.
  13. Metaxas A.C. and Meredith R.J. (1983)., Industrial Microwave Heating., 357. IET, 9780906048894.
  14. Oloyede A. and Groombridge P. (2000)., The influence of microwave heating on the mechanical properties of wood., Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 100(1-3), 67-73.
  15. Perré P. and Turner I.W. (1999)., A 3-D version of TransPore: a comprehensive heat and mass transfer computational model for simulating the drying of porous media., International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 42(24), 4501-4521.
  16. Poonia P.K., Hom S.K., Sihag K. and Tripathi S. (2016)., Effect of Microwave treatment on longitudinal air permeability and preservative uptake characteristics of chir pine wood., Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología, 18, 125-132. 10.4067/S0718-221X2016005000013.
  17. Ramezanpour M., Tarmian A. and Taghiyari H.R. (2014)., Improving impregnation properties of fir wood to acid copper chromate (ACC) with microwave pre-treatment., iForest (early view): e1-e6, 8(1), 89. [online 2014-04-01] URL: id=ifor1119-007
  18. Vinden P., Romero J. and Torgovnikov G. (2003)., A method for increasing the permeability of wood., US patent 6: 596-975.
  19. Vinden P., Torgovnikov G. and Hann J. (2011)., Microwave modification of radiata pine railway sleepers for preservative treatment., European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 69(2), 271-279.