Socioeconomic status of fishermen communities in Panchganga river basin in Kolhapur District, Maharashtra, India
- 1Department of Environmental Science, Shivaji University, Kolhapur 416004, MS, India
- 2Development Research, Awareness and Action Institute, (DEVRAAI), Kolhapur 416 013, MS, India
Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (8), Pages 24-29, August,22 (2017)
Panchganga is main tributary of river Krishna in Kolhapur district. Krishna is the major river in peninsular India. Human beings are inseparable and the most dominant direct or indirect component of any riverine system. Sociological survey plays a significant role in understanding the vitality of a natural system and its relationship with dependent human society. The Social Impact Assessment (SIA) study was mainly focused on the traditional fishermen communities dependent for their livelihood on the five tributaries in Panchganga river basin. The social survey of 78 individuals from three traditional fishermen communities in 17 villages in Panchganga basin revealed the changing status of riparian biodiversity. Most the respondents opined that fish catch and fish diversity had decreased considerably over last two decades. Comparison of past and present status of fish species diversity revealed that out of the earlier 23 abundant species only one had retained its original status, whereas of the earlier abundant species status of 22 species had relegated to common. From the earlier 42 common species now 12 had become rare. Socioeconomic status of the traditional fishermen communities being entirely dependent on health of river, their occupation has declined and thus many had to shift over to other petty jobs for subsistence.
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