5th International Virtual Conference (IVC-2018).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Investigation on the efficiency of common effluent treatment plant on the reduction of textile effluent physicochemical parameters and toxicity

Author Affiliations

  • 1PG and Research Department of Biotechnology, National College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli 620001, Tamil Nadu, India
  • 2Geobiotechnology Lab, PG and Research Department of Biotechnology, National College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (12), Pages 1-8, December,22 (2017)

Abstract

Textile industry effluent treated through different stages in Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP), Perundurai Region, Tamil Nadu, India, was analyzed for efficiency in reduction of effluent physicochemical parameters. The toxicity reduced in the treated effluent was tested using freshwater fish Labeo rohita through histopathological analysis. The untreated effluent showed lower fish 96hLC50 values of 10% indicating higher toxicity. The biological treatment of textile effluent (involving bacteria) followed in the CETP (Stage I) resulted in 90% decolourization of the effluent. Whereas, the biologically treated effluent resulted in lower fish 96hLC50 values of 50%. The chemical treatment process followed by biological treatment in the CETP increased the decolourization to 95%, along with subsequent increase in fish 96hLC50 values of 75%. Further treatment of the effluent through hydraulic press, chlorination, dual media filter press had resulted in total decolourization of the effluent to 97%, along with higher reduction in effluent physicochemical parameters and metal ions. Toxicity analysis revealed that the fish could only survive acute toxicity test due to partial reduction of toxicity in the treated effluent, hence unsuitable for its the release into natural water bodies. However the treated effluent with reduced effluent parameters after reverse osmosis can be reused further in textile processing. The total recovery of water after treatment was 85% respectively and the production of secondary sludge 1.4gL-1.

References

  1. Singh K. and Arora S. (2011)., Removal of synthetic textile dyes from wastewaters: A critical review on present treatment technologies., Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol., 41(9), 807-878. doi:10.1080/10643380903218376
  2. Nachiyar C.V., Namasivayam S.K.R., Kumar R.R. and Sowjanya M. (2014)., Bioremediation of textile effluent containing mordant black 17 by bacterial consortium CN-1., J. Water Process Eng., 4, 196-200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2014.10.003
  3. Rajkumar A.S. and Nagan S. (2011)., Study on Tiruppur CETPs discharge and the impact on Noyyal river and Orathupalayam dam, Tamil nadu (India)., J. Environ. Res. Dev., 5(3), 558-565.
  4. Mazumder D. (2011)., Process evaluation and treatability study of wastewater in a textile dyeing industry., Int. J. Energy Environ., 2(6), 1053-1066. ISSN 2076-2909.
  5. Geetha A., Palanisamy P.N., Sivakumar P., kumar Ganesh P. and Sujatha M. (2008)., Assessment of underground water contamination and effect of textile effluents on Noyyal river basin in and around Tiruppur town, Tamilnadu., E-J Chem., 5(4), 696-705. ISSN: 0973-4945
  6. Jayanth S.N, Karthik R., Logesh S., Srinivas rao K. and Vijayanand K. (2011)., Environmental issues and its impacts with the textile processing units in Tiruppur, Tamil Nadu. Second International conference on environmental science and development., IPCBEE, IACSIT Press, Singapore, 4, 120-124.
  7. Ramesh K.M., Saravanan K. and Shanmugam R. (2009)., Recycling of Woven Fabric Dyeing Wastewater Practiced in Perundurai Common Effluent Treatment Plant., Mod. Appl. Sci., 3(4), 146-160. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539 /mas.v3n4p146
  8. Pandey A., Singh P. and Iyengar L. (2007)., Bacterial decolorization and degradation of azo dyes., Int. Biodet. Biodegr., 59(2), 73-84.
  9. Buthelezi S.P., Olaniran A.O. and Pillay B. (2012)., Textile Dye Removal from Wastewater Effluents Using Bioflocculants Produced by Indigenous Bacterial Isolates., Molecules, 17(12), 14260-14274. https://doi.org /10.1016/j.ibiod.2006.08.006
  10. Muley D.V., Karanjkar D.M. and Maske S.V. (2007)., Impact of industrial effluents on the biochemical composition of fresh water fish Labeo rohita., Journal of Environmental Biology, 28(2), 245-249.
  11. Khandare R.V. and Govindwar S.P. (2015)., Phytoremediation of textile dyes and effluents: Current scenario and future prospects., Biotechnol. Adv., 33(8), 1697 -1714. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2015.09.003
  12. Federation W.E. and APHA (2005)., Standard method for the examination of water and wastewater., American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association (AWWA) and Water Environment Federation (WEF), Washington DC, USA, 21st edition.
  13. Hussein F.H. (2013)., Chemical properties of treated textile dyeing wastewater., Asian J. Chem., 25, 9393-9400. http://dx. doi.org/10.14233/ajchem.2013.15909A
  14. Rauckyte T., Żak S., Pawlak Z. and Oloyede A. (2010)., Determination of oil and grease, total petroleum hydrocarbons and volatile aromatic compounds in soil and sediment samples., J. Environ. Eng. Landscape Manage., 18(3), 163-169. doi:10.3846/jeelm.2010.19
  15. Jagruti B. (2015)., Evaluation of azo dye toxicity using some haematological and histopathological alterations in fish Catla catla., Int. J. Biol. Biomol. Agric. Food Biotechnol. Eng., 9(5), 458-461. scholar.waset.org/ 1999.1/10001206
  16. Das T., Pal A.K., Chakraborty S.K., Manush S.M., Sahu N.P. and Mukherjee S.C. (2005)., Thermal tolerance, growth and oxygen consumption of Labeo rohita fry (Hamilton, 1822) acclimated to four temperatures., J. Thermal Biol., 30(5), 378-383.
  17. Hassaninezhad L., Safahieh A., Salamat N., Savari A. and Majd N.E. (2014)., Assessment of gill pathological responses in the tropical fish yellowfin seabream of Persian Gulf under mercury exposure., Toxicol. Rep., 1, 621-628. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxrep.2014.07.016
  18. Bernet D., Schmidt H., Meier W., Burkhardt-Holm P. and Wahli T. (1999)., Histopathology in fish: a proposal for a protocol to assess aquatic pollution., J. Fish Dis., 22, 25- 34. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2761.1999.00134.x
  19. Costa P.M., Diniz M.S., Caeiro S., Lobo J., Martins M., Ferreira A.M., Caetanoc M., Vale C., DelValls T.A. and Costa M.H. (2009)., Histological biomarkers in liver and gills of juvenile Solea senegalensis exposed to contaminated estuarine sediments: A weighted indices approach., Aquat. Toxicol., 92(3), 202-212. doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.12.009
  20. Sanwal M. (1986)., General Standards for discharge of Environmental Pollutants for Effluents., The Environment (Protection) Rules, 545-560.
  21. Watharkar A.D., Khandare R.V., Waghmare P.R., Jagadale A.D., Govindwar S.P. and Jadhava J.P. (2015)., Treatment of textile effluent in a developed phytoreactor with immobilized bacterial augmentation and subsequent toxicity studieson Etheostoma olmstedi fish., J. Hazard. Mat., 283, 698-704. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/ j.jhazmat.2014.10.019
  22. Puvaneshwari N., Muthukrishnan J. and Gunasekaran P. (2006)., Toxicity assessment and microbial degradation of azo dyes., Ind. J. of Exp. Biol., 44, 618-626.
  23. Powar M.M., Kore V.S. and Kore S.V. (2012)., A Case Study on Common Effluent Treatment Plant at Five Star MIDC, Kagal., World J. Appl. Environ. Chem., 1, 1-6.