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Hyperaccumulation: A Phytoremediation approach for pollution control

Author Affiliations

  • 1Bhaskaracharya College of Applied Sciences, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
  • 2Bhaskaracharya College of Applied Sciences, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
  • 3Bhaskaracharya College of Applied Sciences, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (11), Pages 46-52, November,22 (2017)

Abstract

The problem of environmental pollution has achieved unprecedented approach throughout the world. Soil pollution has accelerated drastically since the beginning of industrial revolution, especially the accumulation of heavy metal. Human activities are the main source of heavy metal accumulation in soil on a global scale (eg 5.6-38 x 106 kg Cd /yr) and comes mainly from industrial activities like mining, smelting, refining and manufacturing processes. The toxic substances are released into the environment and cause variety of toxic effects on living organism and their food chain. In areas with high anthropogenic pressures, heavy metals such as Cd, Cu, Pd, Cr, Zn and Ni are important environmental pollutants. They are also present in significant amount in sewage sludge and reach the soil where they become part of the lifecycle. This review explores phyto-remediation as a potential remediation strategy which is eco-friendly and low tech alternative to more active and intrusive remedial methods.

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