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Assessment of water quality and Zooplankton diversity in the freshwater ecosystem (Lake) - in India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Aquatic Biotechnology and Live Feed Culture Lab, Dept. of Zoology, School of Life Sciences, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, TN, India
  • 2Aquatic Biotechnology and Live Feed Culture Lab, Dept. of Zoology, School of Life Sciences, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, TN, India
  • 3Aquatic Biotechnology and Live Feed Culture Lab, Dept. of Zoology, School of Life Sciences, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, TN, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 6, Issue (11), Pages 23-33, November,22 (2017)

Abstract

This study assessed the seasonal variations of various Physico-chemical parameters, diversity indices, Correlation between physico-chemical factors and the density of zooplankton population. During the study period, a total of 37 species of zooplanktons were recorded viz., Rotifer-18 species, Cladocera-11 species, Copepoda-4 species, Ostracoda-4 species. The results of the physico-chemical analysis were found to be within the maximum permissible limit as prescribed by BIS and WHO. The various physico-chemical parameters are either significantly positive or negative correlation with density of different zooplankton groups at the level of P<0.01 or P<0.05.Rotifera group was found to be the most dominant among the other groups. The density of zooplankton community was higher in summer and lower in monsoon. The diversity and density of zooplankton species at Perur lake during study period are as follows – Rotifera (50 %) >Cladocera (25 %) >Copepoda (21 %) >Ostracoda (4%). The various kinds of diversity indices indicate the seasonal variation of zooplankton community and good quality of Lake Ecosystem. However, the presence of certain species like Brachionus sp., Keratella sp., Philodina sp., Bosminopsis sp., Moina sp., Mesocyclopes sp., Cypris sp. Indicates the possibility of eutrophication in the near future.

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