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A brief Study on the Effects of a common Household Detergent on Oreochromis sp

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Zoology, Vivekananda College, 269 Diamond Harbour Road, Kolkata 700063, WB, India
  • 2Department of Zoology, Vivekananda College, 269 Diamond Harbour Road, Kolkata 700063, WB, India
  • 3Department of Zoology, Vivekananda College, 269 Diamond Harbour Road, Kolkata 700063, WB, India
  • 4Department of Zoology, Vivekananda College, 269 Diamond Harbour Road, Kolkata 700063, WB, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (5), Pages 41-47, May,22 (2016)


Aquatic pollution has become a serious cause of concern, particularly due to its indirect but persistent adverse effects on fish-eating humans residing on the top of the food chain. Ironically, the culprits are human beings who pollute the water bodies by their rampant discharge of harmful chemicals. Detergents comprise the topmost daily-use contaminant of water bodies in rural and urban areas and are literally unavoidable. The present study focused on a very commonly used detergent that not only degraded the water quality of resident fishes by altering the pH, dissolved O2 content, free CO2 content and alkalinity, but also caused fish mortality within 24 h at higher concentrations. Moderately high concentrations of the detergent affected fish tissues and organs with prominent adverse alterations in the liver histology, indirectly implying its detrimental effects on fish physiology. These exposed fishes, when consumed can in the long run cause adverse effects in man, albeit in a large scale.


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