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Assessment of Groundwater Quality Parameters Using Statistical Analysis, a Case Study of Dindigul City, Tamilnadu, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Environmental Engineering, Gnanamani College of Engineering, Namakkal, Tamilnadu, India
  • 2Environmental Engineering, MAM College of Engineering, Trichy, Tamilnadu, India
  • 3Geo Informatics, Bharathidasan University, Trichy, Tamilnadu, India
  • 4University V.O.C College of Engineering, Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (5), Pages 22-31, May,22 (2016)

Abstract

The case study was conducted with the aim of defining the range of groundwater pollution caused by the tannery industries and disposal of sewage waste in kodavanar watershed basin region located in Dindigul district, which is a township of having small and large scale tannery industries around 68 industries. The groundwater gets frequent contamination due to untreated effluents which is discharged from the tanneries industries. The untreated effluent does contains various pollutants such as chromium, nitrates, sulphate, hardness, arsenic, fluorides and microbiological organisms more than its desirable limits. The samples from various sixteen locations were collected during pre-monsoon season in the year 2014 and the collected samples were analyzed in the laboratory. Water quality index map was created in order to display the quality of water in sixteen sample locations of the study area. In this study, correlation analysis, factor analysis and regression analysis were carried out to show the clear substantial relationship between the different sets of groundwater quality parameters in our study area and to determine whether the water quality parameters are ordinarily dispersed and revelation of seasonal pattern. The chemical constraints exposes in the principal component analysis and varimax on three factors that interpret for about 71.819% of the total variance shows the important component of groundwater chemistry in study area.

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