International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Assessment of Groundwater Quality Parameters Using Statistical Analysis, a Case Study of Dindigul City, Tamilnadu, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Environmental Engineering, Gnanamani College of Engineering, Namakkal, Tamilnadu, India
  • 2Environmental Engineering, MAM College of Engineering, Trichy, Tamilnadu, India
  • 3Geo Informatics, Bharathidasan University, Trichy, Tamilnadu, India
  • 4University V.O.C College of Engineering, Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (5), Pages 22-31, May,22 (2016)


The case study was conducted with the aim of defining the range of groundwater pollution caused by the tannery industries and disposal of sewage waste in kodavanar watershed basin region located in Dindigul district, which is a township of having small and large scale tannery industries around 68 industries. The groundwater gets frequent contamination due to untreated effluents which is discharged from the tanneries industries. The untreated effluent does contains various pollutants such as chromium, nitrates, sulphate, hardness, arsenic, fluorides and microbiological organisms more than its desirable limits. The samples from various sixteen locations were collected during pre-monsoon season in the year 2014 and the collected samples were analyzed in the laboratory. Water quality index map was created in order to display the quality of water in sixteen sample locations of the study area. In this study, correlation analysis, factor analysis and regression analysis were carried out to show the clear substantial relationship between the different sets of groundwater quality parameters in our study area and to determine whether the water quality parameters are ordinarily dispersed and revelation of seasonal pattern. The chemical constraints exposes in the principal component analysis and varimax on three factors that interpret for about 71.819% of the total variance shows the important component of groundwater chemistry in study area.


  1. M. Mohamed Hanipha and A. Zahir Hussain (2014)., Statistical evaluation of groundwater quality in and around Dindigul region, Tamilnadu, India, Pelagia Research Library Advances in Applied Science Research, 5(6), 246-251.
  2. L. Rodrigues and A. Pacheco (2003)., Groundwater Contamination from Cemeteries Cases of Study, Conference on Environmental Situation and Perspectives for the European Union, Porto Portugal, 6th-10th May, 1-6.
  3. A. Jesu, Ignatius Navis Karthika and M.S. Dheenadayalan (2013)., The Physico Chemical Analysis of Ground Water in and around Dindigul Due to the Discharge of Sewage and Industrial Effluents, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 3(1), 192-197.
  4. N.C. Mondal, V.K. Saxena, and V.S. Singh (2005). Assessment of Groundwater Pollution due to Tanneries in and around Dindigul, Tamilnadu, India, International Journal of Geosciences, 48 (2), 49-157., undefined
  5. R. Ramesh and G.R. Purvaja, Raveendra and V. Ika (1995)., The Problem of Groundwater Pollution: a Case Study from Madras city, India, Proceedings of a Boulder Symposium on Man
  6. N. Kavitha and N. Swedandra (2011)., Assessment of Urban Growth and its Impact on Ground Water due to Tanneries Using GIS Techniques, 12th Esri India User Conference, Noida, India, 7th 8th December, 17.
  7. Robert H. Montgomery, Jim C. Loftis and Jane Harris (1987)., Statistical Characteristics of Ground Water Quality Variables, Wiley Online Library Ground Water, 25(2), 176184.
  8. Khwaja M. Anwar and Aggarwal Vanitam (2014)., Analysis of groundwater quality using Statistical techniques: a Case study of Aligarah City, International Journal of Technical Research and Applications, 2(5), 100-106., undefined
  9. M. Ramaraj and V. Dhayalan (2015). Mapping and Statistical Analysis of Groundwater Quality a Case Study of Dindigul, Tamilnadu, India, IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research and Development, 3(4), 1898 1903., undefined
  10. Government of India Ministry of Water Resources Central Ground Water Board South Eastern Coastal Region Chennai (2008)., Technical Report Series, District Groundwater Brochure Dindigul district, Tamilnadu.
  11. Sudhakar Gummadi, G. Swarnalatha, Z. Vishnuvardhan and D. Harika (2014)., Statistical Analysis of Groundwater samples from Baptala Mandal,Gundur District, Andhra Pradesh, India, IOSR -Journal of Environmental Science and Toxicology and Foods Technology, 8(1), 2732.
  12. M.A.M. Joarder, F. Raihan, J.B. Alam and S. Hasanuzzaman (2008)., Regression Analysis of Ground Water Quality Data of Sunamganj District, Bangladesh, International Journal of Environmental Research, 2(3), 291296
  13. Kuswantoro Marko, Nassir Alamri and Amro Mohamed Elfeki (2013)., Geostatistical analysis using GIS for Mapping Groundwater Quality: Case Study in the Recharge Area of Wadi Usfan, western Saudi Arabia, Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 7(12), 5239-5252.
  14. S.B. Mangalekar and J.S. Samant (2012)., Future Groundwater Disaster: A Case Study of Kolhapur District, Journal of Shivaji University Science and Technology, 42(1), 193202.
  15. J.M. Ishaku, U. Kaigama and N.R. Onyeka (2011), Assessment of Groundwater Quality using Factor Analysis in Mararaba-mubi area, Northeastern Nigeria, Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering, 1(1), 1792-9660.