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Firewood Accessibility among Rural and Urban Households in Trans-Nzoia and West-Pokot Counties, Kenya

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Natural Resource Management, University of Eldoret, P.O. Box 1125-30100 Eldoret, Kenya
  • 2School of Natural Resource Management, University of Eldoret, P.O. Box 1125-30100 Eldoret, Kenya
  • 3School of Natural Resource Management, University of Eldoret, P.O. Box 1125-30100 Eldoret, Kenya
  • 4School of Natural Resource and Environmental Management, University of Kabianga P.O. Box 2030-20200 Kericho, Kenya

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (5), Pages 1-11, May,22 (2016)


This study investigated firewood accessibility in rural and urban areas of Trans-Nzoia and West-Pokot counties of Kenya. The aim was to avail scientific data for appropriate policy formulation to ensure sustainable firewood accessibility. The study employed independent group resear ch design. Stratified random sampling technique was use d to categorize households into rural and urban households. Conve nience sampling was used to select Kolongolo and Ka cheliba to represent rural areas of Trans-Nzoia and West-Pokot resp ectively. Purposeful sampling technique was used to select Kitale and Makutano to represent urban areas in Trans-Nzoia and West-Pokot correspondently. Systematic random sam pling was used to select a total of 355 households from the study ar eas. Data was collected through questionnaires, interviews and observation; and analyzed using Kruskal Wallis Test, and Chi-square test of association. Firewood accessibility was measured based on distance (Km)/Kg, time (hours)/Kg, household monthly expenditure, cost (Kshs)/Kg, and budgetary allocation (%) on firewood used. Results indicated that average distance/kg of firewood collected in Kacheliba was 0.29 Km, while average time/Kg in Makutano was 0.38 hours. In Kitale, average cost/kg of firewood and household mont hly expenditure were Kshs 8.2 and Kshs 1577.5 respectively. Averagge monthly budgetary allocation on firewood in Kacheliba was 32%. In terms of accessibility, firewood was accessible in K acheliba but inaccessible in Kolongolo, Makutano and K itale. Land tenure system, government policies, cookstove technolo gies, and family size were common factors influencing household’s firewood accessibility. Analysis indicated significant differences in households’ firewood accessibility levels in the four areas (X2=11.998(0.05,3), N=249, p=0.007). X2-test indicated that firewood accessibility levels have insignificant association with existing government policies. We conclud e that firewood is accessible in rural areas of West-Pokot and inaccessible in rural and urban areas of Trans-Nzoia, and urban areas of West-Pokot. In addition, existing government policies are either inadequate or poorly enforced to enhance sustainable firewood accessibility. Therefore, law enfo rcers need to pull up their socks in enforcing current government policies and/or policy-makers need to formulate appropriate policies that will enhance firewood accessibility.


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