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Effect of Anthropogenic activities on the Physico-chemical quality of River Rapti at Gorakhpur, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur-273008, U.P., INDIA
  • 2Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur-273008, U.P., INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 5, Issue (1), Pages 39-42, January,22 (2016)


Anthropogenic activities on the banks of river in India like prayers, laundry, washing dishes and bathing strongly influence the hydrology and chemistry of river. These human activities lead to addition of tons of soaps and detergents in the river as the anthropogenic pressure on Rapti catchment is comparatively high near Gorakhpur city. The present investigation was therefore conducted to study the effect of these organic compounds coming from an area on the bank of river marked for washing clothes by the professionals (Dhobi ghat) on the physico chemical properties river Rapti. The results indicate a significant increase in the level of pH, total dissolved solids, chlorides, sulphate, free carbon dioxide, nitrate, phosphate, carbonate, bicarbonate, hardness, chemical oxygen demand and biological oxygen demand and a significant decrease in dissolved oxygen.


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