International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Lead Uptake and Accumulation in Groundnut Crop Grown at Different Soil Lead Amendments

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Environmental Sciences, Pragati Engineering College, ADB Road, Surampalem, 533437, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (9), Pages 27-33, September,22 (2013)


The present study deals with lead (Pb) uptake and accumulation in groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.var TMV-2).Pot experiments were conducted taking native agricultural soil spiked with Lead Nitrate to get 10.2.g/g, 102 g/g and 1020 g/g and growing the groundnut species at these test concentrations along with control soil. Lead uptake and accumulation in different plants of root, stem, leaf, seed and whole plant were studies at different time intervals of crop ages of 30 days, 60 days and 90 days at different soil lead (Test) concentrations in comparisons with control soil.


  1. Rooney C.P, Melaren R.G. and Cresswell R.J., Distribution and Phyto avialbility of lead in a soil contaminated with lead shot, Water, Air and Soil pollut,116, 535-548 (1999)
  2. Burzynski M., The uptake and transpiration of water and the accumulation of lead by plants growing on lead chloride solutions, Acta Societatis Botanicorum. Poloniae,56, 271-280 (1987)
  3. Mahmoud W.H. and A. El-Beltagy, Isolation, Identification and potential use of lead reduction from heavy metal polluted soil, Menufiya J. Agric. Res., 23,1461-1473 (1998)
  4. Wagner G.J., Accumulation of heavy metals in crop plants and its consequences to human health, Adv. Agron.,51, 173-177 (1993)
  5. Lucky T.D. and B. Kenugopal, Metal toxicity inmammals, Plenum Press, New York and London,(1997)
  6. Ramade F., Ecotoxicity, John Wiley and sons, Chichester, 119-135 (1987)
  7. Sharma P. and R.S. Dubey, Lead toxicity in plants, Braz. J. Plant Physiol., 17, 35-52 (2005)
  8. Johnson M.S. and Eaton J.W., Environmental contamination through residual trace metal dispersal from a derelict lead-zinc mine, J. Environ.Qual., 9, 175-179 (1980)
  9. Patra M., Bhowmik N., Bandopadhyay B. and Sharma A., Comparison of mercury, lead and arsenic with respect to genotoxic effects on plant systems and the development of genetic tolerance, Environ. Exp. Bot., 52, 199-223 (2004)
  10. Voutsa D., Griman B.A. and Samara C., Trace elements in vegetables grown in on industrial area in relation to soil and air particulate matter, Environ. Pollut.,94(3), 325-335 (1996)
  11. Kabata Pendias A. and Pendias H., Trace elements in soils and plants (2nd edn.) CRC press, Florida, USA, 365 (1992)
  12. Brunet J., Repellin A., Varrault G., Terrync N. and Zuily-fodli Y., Lead accumulation in the roots of grass pea: A novel plant for phytoremediation systems? C.R. Biologies, 331, 859864 (2008)
  13. Estrella-Gomez N., Mendoza-Cozatl D., Moreno-Sanchez R., Gonzalez Mendoza D., ZapataPerez O., Hernandez A.M., Santamaria J.M., The pb-hyperaccumulator aquatic fern salvinia minima baker, responds to pb 2+ by increasing phytochelatins via changes in smpcs expression and in phytochelatin synthase activity, Aquat. Toxicol., 91, 320-328 (2009)
  14. Ali B.M., Vajpayee P., Tripathi R.D., Raj U.N., Singht S.N., Singhgh S.P., Phytotemediation of lead, nickel and copper by salix acmophylla boiss, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 70, 462469 (2003)
  15. ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) Hand book of Agriculture, Directorate of publications and Information on Agriculture, Krishi Anusandhan Bhavan, pusa, New Delhi (1997)
  16. Robinson B.H., Leblanc M., Petir D., Brooks R.R., Kirkman J.H. and Greeg P.H., The potential of Thlaspi caerulescens for phyto remediation of contamination soils Plant and soil, 203, 47-56 (1998)
  17. Ernst W.H.O., Bio availability of heavy metals and decontamination of soils by plants, Appl.Geochem, 11 163167 (1996)
  18. Xiong Z.T., Bio accumulation and physiological effects of excess lead in a roadside pioneer species Sonchus oleraceus L., Environ pollut., 97(3), 275-279 (1997)
  19. Hapke H., JMetals and their compounds in the environment, VCH, New York, USA, 469-489 (1991)
  20. Oyedele D.J., Obioh I.B, Adejumo J.A., Oluwole A.F, Aina P.O. Asubiojo O.I., Sci. Total Environ., 172, 180 (1995)
  21. Panagiotopoulos K., Sakclariades S., Polyzopoulos N. and Vouzoulidou Alexandrou E., Concentrations of Zn, Cd, Cu, Ni, Mn, Pb and Fe in vegetables and soils from three locations in N. Greece (Univ-Thessaloniki) (in Greek) Sci. Annals. Fac. Agric. Forestry, 18, 159198 (1976)
  22. Zheljazkov V.D., Jeliazlkova E.A., Craker L.E., Kovatcheva N., Staner S., Margina A., Yankov B., Georgieva T. and Kolev T., Heavy metal uptake by Mint. proc. Wocmap-2, Acta. Hort. 500, (1999)
  23. Leita L.I De Nobili M., Pardini G., Ferrapi F. and Sequi P., Anomalous contents of heavy metals in soils and vegetation of a mine area in S.W. Sardinia, Itali, Water, Air and soil pollut., 48, 423-433 (1998)
  24. Brady N.C., The Nature and proporties of soils, Macmillan publishing co. Inc US 653-686, (1984)
  25. John M.K., Varietal response to lead by lettuce, Water, Air and soil pollut., , 133-144 (1997)
  26. Mahtab Beladi, Ali Kashani, Davood Habibi, Farzad Paknejad and Mahya Golshan, Uptake and effects of lead and copper on three plant species in contaminated soils, African journal of Agricultural Research, 6(15), 3483-3492 (2011)
  27. Abdul Ghani, Effect of Lead toxicity on Growth, Chlorophyll and Lead (Pb+) Contents of two varieties of Maize, PakistanJournal of Nutrition, 9, 887891 (2010)
  28. Sinha P., Dube B.K., Srivastava P. and Chatterjee C., Alteration in uptake and translocation of essential nutrients in cabbage by excess lead, Chemosphere, 65, 651656 (2006)
  29. Sudhakar C., Syamalabai L., Veeranjaneyulu K., Lead tolerance of certain legume species grown on lead ore tailings, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 41, 253-261 (1992)
  30. Kumar G., Sing P.R. and Sushila, Nitrate accumulation and biomass production in sesamum indium L. seedlings in lead enriched environment, Water, Air and Soil pollut., 66, 163-171 (1993)
  31. Bashmakov D.I., Lukatkin A.S., Revin V.V., Duchovskis P., Brazaityte A. and Baranauskis K., Growth of maize seedlings affected by different concentrations of heavy metals, Ekologija, 3, 22-27 (2005)
  32. Yang Y.Y., Jung J.Y., Song W.Y., Suh H.S. and Lee Y., Identification of rice varieties with high tolerance or sensitivity to lead and characterization of the mechanism of tolerance, Plant Physiol., 124, 1019-1026 (2000)