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Charecterization of Diffuse Chemical Pollution in Satna District of Vindhya Region, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Deptt of Physical Sciences, Faculty of Science and Environment, M.G.C.G.V. Chitrakoot Satna, MP, INDIA
  • 2 Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Division, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur, MS, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (11), Pages 46-60, November,22 (2013)


Concern over agricultural diffuse pollution sources in integrated water and soil quality management has been growing recently. The term diffuse essentially point to this feature of the discharge of such pollution leads which makes them some what difficult to notice, monitor or control. For the study of seasonal variation in inorganic content as well as physico chemical parameters, monitoring was done during summer, rainy and winter season year 2009 to 2011. The parameters like temperature, pH, turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO) biochemical oxygen demond (BOD), chemical oxygen demond (COD), nitrate, nitrite, chloride, sulphate, phosphate and heavy metals for water analysis and soil temperature, pH, O.C (organic carbon), total nitrogen, phosphorus, exchangeable cation (Na, K, Ca++, Mg++) and heavy metals for soil analysis have been studied. The study revealed that the water sources in the area are heavily polluted. The heavy metals concentration were found more than the permissible limits during all the seasons. Most of these parameters are correlated with one another. Statistical analysis of the data is presented.


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