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Quality Characterization of Groundwater using Water Quality Index in Surat city, Gujarat, India

Author Affiliations

  • 12 Department of Environmental Science and Technology, ISTAR, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, Gujarat, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Environmental science and Engineering Group, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Jharkhand, INDIA
  • 3Department of Environmental science and Engineering Group, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Jharkhand, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 1, Issue (4), Pages 14-23, November,22 (2012)


Groundwater is a natural resource for drinking water. Like other natural resources, it should be assessed regularly and people should be made aware of the quality of drinking water. The present study is aimed at assessing the water quality index (WQI) for the groundwater of Surat city. This has been determined by collecting 125 groundwater samples from 39 areas of Surat city and subjecting the samples to a comprehensive physicochemical analysis. For calculating the WQI, the following 13 parameters have been considered: pH, total hardness, calcium, magnesium, chloride, nitrate, sulphate, total dissolved solids, iron, boron, and fluorides, COD and DO. The WQI for these samples ranges from 15.93 to 977.86. The high value of WQI has been found to be mainly from the higher values of iron, nitrate, total dissolved solids, hardness, fluorides, and boron in the groundwater. The results of analyses have been used to suggest models for predicting water quality. The analysis reveals that the groundwater of the area needs some degree of treatment before consumption.


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