6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Adsorption of Citric Acid from Aqueous Solution onto Activated

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Agricultural research center, Giza, EGYPT
  • 2 Agricultural research center, Giza, EGYPT

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 1, Issue (4), Pages 7-13, November,22 (2012)

Abstract

The removal of citric acid, an organic ligand, from aqueous solution by adsorption onto activated Pistacia Lentiscus leaves’ powder was investigated. Batch adsorption studies were performed to evaluate the effect of various operating parameters affecting the adsorption process such as pH, contact time, initial citric acid concentration and adsorbent dose. The optimum contact time for the equilibrium condition was 75 min. at the sorbent dose rate of 2.5g/L, while the best removal of CA was at pH 6. Isothermal and kinetic models were also carried out. The experimental kinetic adsorption data were in close agreement with second order rate kinetics expression. The obtained data were found to follow the three investigated isothermal models in the following order: Freundlich

References

  1. Zhang S., Chen Z., Li Y., Wang Q. and Wan L., Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue in a sparged tube reactor with TiO2 fibers prepared by a properly two-step method, Catal. Commun., 1178-1183 (2008)
  2. Inci I., Removal of citric acid by activated carbon adsorption, Asian J. Chem., 16 (2), 649–653 (2004)
  3. Krishnan K.A., Sreejalekshmi K.G. and Varghese S., Adsorptive retention of citric acid onto activated carbon prepared from Havea braziliansis sawdust: Kinetic and isotherm overview, Desalination, 257, 46–52(2010)
  4. Sreejalekshmi K.G., Krishnan K.A. and Anirudhan T.S., Adsorption of Pb(II) and Pb(II)citric acid on sawdust activated carbon: Kinetic and equilibrium isotherm studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 161, 1506–1513(2009)
  5. Lackovic K., Johnson B.B., Angove M.J., and Well J.D.,Modeling the adsorption of citric acid onto Muloorina illite and related clay minerals, J. Colloid. Interf. Sci., 267, 49–59 (2003)
  6. Khan A.R., Uddin F. and Ahmed S.Z., Adsorption behaviour of citric acid from aqueous solutions on activated charcoal, Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res., 45(2), 82–85(2002)
  7. Cambier P. and Sposito G., Adsorption of citric acid by synthetic pseudoboehmite, Clays Clay Miner., 39(4), 369–374 (1991)
  8. Bonnier G. and Douin R., La grande flore. Editor: Belin, Paris (1990)
  9. El-Chaghaby G.A. and Ahmad A.F., Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using pistacia lentiscus leaves extract and investigation of their antimicrobial effect, Orient. J. Chem., 27(3), 929-936 (2011)
  10. ASTM, Standard test method for determination of iodine number of activated carbon, d 4607-86, 384–387 (2000)
  11. Khattri S.D. and Singh M.K., Removal of Malachite green from dye wastewater using Neem sawdust by adsorption, J. Hazard. Mater., 167(1-3), 1089-1094 (2008)
  12. Daifullah A.A.M.,Girgis B.S. and Gad H.M.H. Utilization of agro-residues (rice husk) in small wastewater treatment plants, Mater.Lett., 57, 1723-1731 (2003)
  13. Tongpoothorn W., Sriuttha M., Homchan P., Chanthai S. and Ruangviriyachai C., Preparation of activated carbon derived from Jatropha curcas fruit shell by simple thermo-chemical activation and characterization of their physico-chemical properties, Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 89, 335–340 (2011)
  14. Elaigu S.E. , Usman L.A. , Awolola G.V. , Adebayo G.B. and Ajayi R.M.K., Adsorption of Pb (II) from Aqueous Solution by Activated Carbon Prepared from Cow Dung, Environ. Res. J 4(4) , 257-260 (2010)
  15. Namasivayam C., Muniasamy N., Gayathri K., Rani M. and Renganathan K., Removal of dyes from aqueous solutions by cellulosic waste orange peel. Biores. Technol., 57, 37-43 (1996)
  16. Namasivayam C., Yamuna R.T., Adsorption of direct red 12 B by biogas residual slurry: Equilibrium and rate processes, Environ. Pollut., 89,1-7 (1995)
  17. Senthilkumar S., Varadharajan P.R., Porkodi K., Subburaam C.V., Adsorption of methylene blue ontom jute fiber carbon: kinetics and equilibrium studies, J. Colloid Interface Sci.,284, 78-82 (2005)
  18. Lagergren S.K., About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademens, Handlingar 24, 1–39 (1898)
  19. Ho, Y.S. and McKay G. x., The kinetics of sorption of divalent metal ions onto sphagnum moss peat, Water Res., 34(3), 735–742 (2008)
  20. Weber Jr., W.J. and Morris, J.C. Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. J. Sanit. Eng. Div., Am. Soc. Civil Engrs., SA2, 31–59 (1963)
  21. Abdel-Ghani N. T., Hegazy A. K. and El-Chaghaby G. A., Typha domingensis leaf powder for decontamination of aluminium, iron, zinc and lead: Biosorption kinetics and equilibrium modeling. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech.,6(2), 243-248 (2009)
  22. Tan I.A.W., Ahmad A.L., Hameed B.H., Adsorption of basic dye on high surface area activated carbon prepared from coconut husk: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 154, 337–346 (2008)
  23. Demiral H., Demiral I., Tumsek F. and Karabacakoglu B., Pore structure of activated carbon prepared from hazelnut bagasse by chemical activation, Surf. Inter. Anal., 40(3–4), 616–619 (2008)
  24. Kavitha D. and Namasivayam C., Experimental and kinetic studies on methylene blue adsorption by coir pith carbon, Bioresour. Technol., 98(1), 14–21 (2007)
  25. Webi T.W. and Chakravort R.K. Pore and solid diffusion models for fixed bed adsorbent, J. Am. Inst. Chem. Eng.,20(2), 228-238 (1974)
  26. Chakravarty S., Pimple S., Hema S., Chatuvedi T., Singh S. and Gupta K.K. Removal of copper from aqueous solution using newspaper pulp as an adsorbent, J. Hazard. Mater., 159(2-3), 396-403 (2009)
  27. 7.Hameed B.H. and Daud F.B.M., Adsorption studies of basic dye on activated carbon derived from agricultural waste: Hevea brasiliensis seed coat, Chem. Eng. J., 139,48–55 (2008)
  28. Demiral H., Demiral I., Tumsek F.and Karabgacakoglu B., Adsorption of chromium(VI) from aqueous solution by activated carbon derived from olive bagasse and applicability of different adsorption models, Chem. Eng. J., 144, 188–196 (2008b)
  29. El-Ashtouky E.S.Z., Amin N.K. and Abdelwahab O., Removal of lead () and copper () from aqueous solution using pomegranate peel as a new adsorbent. Desalination, 223 (1-3), 162-173 (2008)