International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Physico-Chemical, Bacteriological and Pesticide analysis of Tap Water in Millennium City Gurgoan, (Haryana), India

Author Affiliations

  • 1, Dept. of Chemistry, Jaipur National University, Jagatpura, Jaipur Rajasthan, INDIA
  • 2 Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, IIIM, Jammu, INDIA
  • 3

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 1, Issue (2), Pages 1-7, September,22 (2012)


Although water is a renewable source, but because of excessive exploitation and contamination, access to safe drinking water has become a major problem for humans. Sewage and industrial wastes are being directly poured into water bodies. These wastes may range from chemicals, organic wastes, nitrates, plastics, metals etc. Biodegradable components of these wastes can result in the spread of many dangerous water borne diseases. The objective of this study was to determine physico-chemical characteristics, bacterial contamination and pesticides in tap water samples collected from various selected sites of Gurgoan city. Tap water samples were assessed for physico-chemical parameters like : pH, Dissolved oxygen (DO), total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness, fluoride (F), nitrate (NOľ3) and sulfate (SOľ2). The water samples were also analyzed for the presence of fecal bacteria namely: Escherichia coli (E.coli), Salmonella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and total coliform bacteria present in tap water. Pesticides namely : Chlorobenzilate, Hexachloro-benzene, Benzenether, pp-DDT, op-DDT, pp-DDE, pp-DDD, alpha-HCH, Beta-HCH, Lindane, Vinclozolin, Conumaphos, Malathion, Phosalone, Cyfluthrin, Cypermethrin, Deltamethrin, Permethrin, Fenvalerate, Fluvalinate, Cyhalothrin, Carbofurn, Propoxeur, Carbaryl, Cymiazol, Amitraz, Bromprophylate, Chinomethionate were also detected.


  1. Adewoya B.L., and Oludura A.O., Efficiency of Morigna Oleifera Seeds Extract on Microflora of Surface and Ground Water, Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 453-438 (2007)
  2. Skeat W.O., Manual of British Water Engineering practice; Water Quality and Treatment, The Institution of Water Engineers, London, England (1969)
  3. Asaulo S.S., Adeyinowa C.E., Ipinmoriti K.O. and Olaofe O., Assessment of Physico-chemical Status of Water Samples from Major Dams in Ekiti Status, Nigeria, Pak. J. Nutri.,6(6), 657-659 (2007)
  4. Course Manual for Chemists and Bacteriologist of PHED Laboratories under National Drinking Water Quality Monitoring and Surveillance Programme, Public Health Department, West Bengal (2010)
  5. WHO (World Health Organization). Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, Vol. 2 Recommendations, 2 Edn. Geneva (1996)
  6. WHO (World Health Organization). Hardness in Drinking Water : Background document for Development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, WHO/HSE/WSH/10.01/10/Rev. 1 (2011)
  7. EPA, Environmental Protection Agency and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention : Health Effects from Exposure to High Levels of Sulfate in Drinking Water Study (2010)
  8. Basic Information in Nitrates in Drinking Water : Basic information about Regulated Drinking Water Contaminants, US-EPA-Environment Protection Agency (2012)
  9. US-EPA, Basic Information about Fluoride in Drinking Water, United States Environmental Protection Agency (2010)
  10. Walsh J.A., Estimating the Burden of Illness in the Tropics, In: Warrner, K.S., Mahoud, A.A.F., (Editors), Tropical and Geographical Medicines, 2nd Edn. New York, Mc-Graw Hill (1990)
  11. The International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and use of Pesticides Formulated and Implemented by FAO, Control of Water Pollution from Agriculture (1990)