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Physico-chemical analysis of groundwater of the Budhi Gandak belt in Muzaffarpur district, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 University Department of Chemistry, B.R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur 842001, Bihar, INDIA.
  • 2University Department of Chemistry, B.R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur 842001, Bihar, INDIA.
  • 3 University Department of Chemistry, B.R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur 842001, Bihar, INDIA.
  • 4 University Department of Chemistry, B.R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur 842001, Bihar, INDIA.

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 1, Issue (1), Pages 7-11, August,22 (2012)


The present investigation was carried out to analyse water samples from bored tube wells at different sites along the Budhi Gandak belt from Kanti to Motipur in Muzaffarpur district of Bihar state during winter season (January and February) of 2012. Parameters such as pH, conductivity, TDS, DO, total hardness, alkalinity, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and chloride as well as heavy metals such as Cu, Zn, Fe and As have been studied. TDS of some samples exceeded the maximum permissible limit of WHO. Iron was also found much above the maximum permissible limit of WHO in almost all the samples. Some water samples along Budhi Gandak belt under study had arsenic contamination which even exceeded the maximum permissible limit of WHO. The arsenic contamination in the groundwater of this area is a serious concern for human health.


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