6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Physico Chemical and Microbial Analysis of Different River Waters in Western Tamil Nadu, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India, INDIA
  • 3 Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India, INDIA
  • 4 Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India, INDIA
  • 5 Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 1, Issue (1), Pages 2-6, August,22 (2012)

Abstract

The environmental quality is greatly focused on water because of its importance in maintaining the human health and health of the ecosystem. Many parts of the world are facing water scarcity problem due to limitation of water resources coincided with increasing population. Rivers are vital freshwater systems that are critical for the sustenance of life. In the present study, river water samples were collected in the period between January March 2012 from different parts of western Tamil Nadu, India and various physico-chemical and microbial analyses were performed based on standard methods. The comparative results showed the pH (7.5 to 10.0), DO (8-16 mg/ml), BOD (2.5 -7.5 mg/L), COD (14.5 -15 mg/L), total hardness (100-520 mg/L), calcium (80-200 mg/L), magnesium (20-320 mg/L), number of bacterial colonies(100-120 CFU) and number of fungal colonies(30-45 CFU).

References

  1. Iskandar M. B., The effectiveness of biofilter as a treatment for domestic wastewater, University Malaysia Pahang (thesis) (2010)
  2. UNEP. Global Environmental Outlook. United Nations Environment, (2000)
  3. Kumar N.A., View on Freshwater environmentEcol. Env and Cons, (3), 3 (1997)
  4. Muduli Bipra Prasanna and Panda Chitta Ranjan. Physico chemical properties of water collected from Dhamra estuary, International journal of environmental sciences. 1(3),(2010)
  5. Sangu R.P.S. and Sharma S.K. An assessment of water quality of river Ganga at Garmukeshwar. Ind. J. Ecol.,14(20), 278-287 (1987)
  6. Subba Rao C. and Subba Rao N.V., Ground water quality in residential colony, Ind. J. Environ. Hlth.,37(4), 295-300 (1995)
  7. Tebutt T.H.Y., Principles of Quality Control, Pergamon, England, 235 (1983)
  8. APHA. (American Public Health Association), Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 18 Ed., Eds.: G. E. Greenberg, L. S. Clesceri, A. D. Eaton. Publ. Office American Public Health Association. Washington, D. C. 9-1-9-147 (1992)
  9. WHO. World Health Organization. Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland (1993)
  10. Sivakumar K.K., Balamurugan C., Ramakrishnan D. and Leena Hebsibai L., Studies on physico chemical analysis of ground water in Amaravathi river basin at Karur (Tamil Nadu), India. Water R and D.,1(1) 36-39 (2011)
  11. Ali J., An Assessment of the Water Quality of Ogunpa River Ibadan, Nigeria. M.Sc. Dissertation. University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria (1991)
  12. Chapman D., Water Quality Assessment, 2nd edn. EPFN Spon, London (1996)
  13. Hynes H.B.N., The Ecology of Running Waters. Liverpool University Press, Liverpool, 555 (1970)
  14. Patil P.R., Patil K.S. and Dhande A.D., Studies on drinking water quality in Bhusawal corporation water supply,Ind. J. Environ. Protec.,22(2), 161-164 (2002)
  15. Radha Krishnan R., Dharmaraj K. and Ranjitha Kumari B. D., A comparative study on the physicochemical and bacterial analysis of drinking, borewell and sewage water in the three different places of Sivakasi, Journal of Environmental Biology, 28(1), 105-108 (2007)
  16. Hemant Pathak, Deepak Pathak and Limaye S.N., Studies on the physico-chemical status of two water bodies at Sagar city under anthropogenic Influences, Advances in Applied Science Research. 3(1) 31-44 (2012)
  17. Srinivasa, Rao B. and Venkateswarlu P., Evaluation of ground water quality in chirala town (Prakasam district). Ind. J. Environ. Protec.,20(3), 161-164 (1999)
  18. Roy Y. and Kumar R. A., A study of water quality of the rivers of Ranchi district, Ind. J. Environ. Protec, 21(5),398-402 (2002)
  19. Garg V. K., Gupta R., Goel S., Taneja M. and Khurana B., Assessment of underground drinking water quality in eastern part of Hisar, Ind. J. Environ. Protec., 20(6) 407-412 (1999)
  20. Subhadradevi G., Barbuddhe S. B., Hazel D. and Dolly C., Physicochemical characteristics of drinking water at Velseo, (Goa), J. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Monit,13(3), 203-209 (2003)
  21. Edema M.O., Omemu A.M. and Fapetu O.M., Microbiology and Physicochemical Analysis of different sources of drinking water in Abeokuta. Nigeria. Niger. J. Microbiol. 15(1), 57-61 (2001)
  22. Baxter-Potter W. and Gilliland M., Bacterial Pollution of Run-off from Agricultural Lands, J. Environ. Qual.,17(1), 27-34 (1988)
  23. Karikari A.Y. and Ansa-Asare O. D., Physicochemical and microbial water quality assessment of the Densu River of Ghana. West Afr. J. Appl. Ecol.,10, 87-100 (2006)