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Phytochemistry analysis and modulatory activity of Portulaca oleracea and Aquilaria malaccensis extracts against High-fructose and high-fat diet induced immune cells alteration and heart lipid peroxidation in Rats

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Faculty of natural sciences and life, University of ElOued, El-Oued 39000, Algeria
  • 2Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Faculty of natural sciences and life, University of ElOued, El-Oued 39000, Algeria
  • 3Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Faculty of natural sciences and life, University of ElOued, El-Oued 39000, Algeria

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 8, Issue (4), Pages 6-11, April,10 (2019)

Abstract

Our objective of this investigation is to estimate the influence of Portulaca oleracea (P. oleracea) and Aquilaria malaccensis (A. malaccensis) methanol extracts on High-fructose-fat diet (HFFD) induced immune cells alteration and heart lipid peroxidation in Rats. Twenty five Females rats were equally divided into five groups (n=5) as control, HFFD, HFFD+Po, HFFD+Am and HFFD+Po+Amgroups. High fructose-fat diet was addes in diet of rats with (60% fructose and 60% kcal fat) for 70 days. Methanol extracts of P.oleracea (Po) (400mg/kg bw) and A.malaccensis (Am) (200mg/kg bw) were supplemented orally for four weeks. Methanol extracts of plants were prepared and phytochemicals were analyzed by using HPLC methods. Hematological markers and lipid peroxidationin heart were assessed. Results obtained shown that HFFD induction caused a significant increase in White blood cell (𝑃<0.01), Granulocyte (𝑃<0.05), Lymphocyte (𝑃<0.01) Monocyte (𝑃<0.001) count and heart MDA level and no significant effect in Red blood cell and Hemoglobin level compared to the rats given normal diet. Methanol extracts of P. oleracea and A. malaccensis treatment partially correct the parameters studied. Our study indicate that A. malaccensis possesses the ability to control the heart lipid peroxidation and immune cells alteration associated with High fructose-fat diet.

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