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Prevalence of Salmonella spp. in raw vegetables and fruits and their plant contamination routes: a review

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Zoology, B.P. Baria Science Institute, Navsari, Gujarat, India
  • 2Department of Zoology, B.P. Baria Science Institute, Navsari, Gujarat, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 8, Issue (3), Pages 42-48, March,10 (2019)


Raw vegetables and fruits are essential ingredients of healthful nourishment and necessity for salad vegetables and fruits have become greater than before as vegetables and fruits act as antioxidants and immune boosters. In conflict to their health profits, it is observed by scientists that utility of raw vegetables and fruits have also been connected with the risk of disease if consume draw. Some Salmonella spp. contain virulence plasmid (pSV) which encodes spv operon are capable to adhere with plant surfaces by using T3SS and vigorously infect the core of plants by defeating immune response of plants as equally as animal cells, Salmonella spp. defeat plant defence mechanisms, shows that Salmonella possess a variety of infection strategy including agfD gene which is responsible for infecting variety of host from different kingdoms, which arise questions of Salmonella host specificity. The purpose of review study is to discuss and gain depth knowledge of routes and infection pattern of Salmonella with contrast to plant physiology, microbiological physiology, environmental interrelationship, crop processing, crop handling mechanisms along with crop cultivation methodology that provides opportunity for contamination will lead us to develop foolproof reliable policies, trustworthy standard operating procedures and infallible technologies for reducing the risk of contamination.


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