Web making activity in spiders in semi-arid zone
- 1Department of Biology, Navyug Science College, Surat, Gujarat, India
- 2Merchant Science College, Gadha, Gujarat, India
Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 7, Issue (1), Pages 20-25, January,10 (2018)
The Present study was conducted at. District Mehsana situated in the northern area of Gujarat state. The area under study is tropical arid to semi-arid, which is strongly periodical as well as seasonal. The area is strongly periodical and seasonal. Biological observation gives miracle information on life style of spiders. Many insects and spiders lead almost totally solitary lives with no overlap between the generations and precious little social contact of any kind though they learn like their parents. Such behaviour is known as Fixed Action Pattern (FAP). There are innumerable numbers of behavioural patterns in the entire animal kingdom that are transferred through genes, these acts are already preprogrammed in the central nervous systems through the genetic material. Construction of web by spider in this category. Web preparation is an imprinting behaviour. Orb-web and dome shaped web was observed in Areneidae family. Pholcidae and Theridiidae spiders did not prepare webs in artistic manner. Lycosidae group prepare sheet like expended web. Compact web was formed by Eresidae family group. Araneidae spiders prepare new web every night. Salticidae shows beautiful art to stalking their prey. Eresidae prefers Acacia tree for web construction.
- Archer A.F. (1953)., Studies in the Orb-Weaving spiders (Argiopidae) III., Amer.Mus.Novitates, 1622, 1-27.
- Heiling A.M. and Herberstein M.E. (1999)., The role of experience in web-building spiders (Araneidae)., Anim Cogn, 2(3), 171-177.
- Mathur Reena (2005)., Animal behavior., Rastogi Publication, Meerut, 21.
- Patel B.H. (1975)., Studies on some spiders of the family Argiopidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from Gujarat, India., Vidya J. Guj. Univ, 18(1), 153-167.
- Tikader Benoy Krishna (1987)., Handbook Indian Spiders: A Manual for the Study of the Spiders and Their Relatives: the Scorpions, Pseudoscorpions, Whip Scorpions, Harvestmen and All Members of the Class Arachnida Found in India, with Analytical Keys for Their Classification and Biology., Zoological survey of India, Calcutta, India, 1-251.
- Patel D.T. (2000)., Diversity, Population Dynemics, Predatory potential and distribution of spiders in rice crop., Dissertation thesis, Gujarat Agricultural University, Anand, 36-64.
- Dhulia F.K. (1988)., Some studies on predatory spiders in hybrid cotton-6 at Anand., A thesis submitted to Guj. Agri. Uni. Anand, 19-22.
- Tikader B.K. (1971)., A new species of spiders of the genus Lycosa (Family Lycosidae) from India., Sci & Cult., 37(11), 531.
- Tikader B.K. (1961)., Protective device of some Web- weaving spider from India., J. Bombay, Nat.Hist.Soc., 58(3), 825-829.
- Reed C.F., Witt P.N., Scarboro M.B. and Peakall D.B. (1970)., Experience and the orb web., Developmental Psychobiology, 3(4), 251-265.
- Foelix R.F. (2011)., Biology of spiders., Oxford Uni. press, Oxford.