5th International Virtual Conference (IVC-2018).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Algal biodiversity in some water bodies of Kota, Rajasthan, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, SGT University, Gurgaon-122505, Delhi-NCR, India
  • 2Department of Botany, Government College, Kota-324001, Rajasthan, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 6, Issue (9), Pages 7-14, September,10 (2017)


Algae are inseparable associates of the environment. There is a direct correlation of phytoplanktons to the physicochemical properties of water. Kota district situated in the southeastern parts of Rajasthan has a total area of 5198.15 sq. km. Chambal is the principal perennial river of the district. The Algal flora of Kota still remains unexplored; hence the main focus of this study is to document the Algae belonging to various groups. Since without first knowing the status of our aquatic resources especially algae of this area, we cannot have projections for their utilization. An integrated study of physico-chemical characteristics and algal flora of some randomly selected inland aquatic bodies of Kota namely Abhera pond, Kishore Sagar, Kota barrage, DCM factory and Rice fields was undertaken in the present survey. Though the selected water bodies exhibit narrow fluctuations in pH, alkalinity, total hardness, and fluoride contents but considerable variation were observed in the TDS values. The aquatic bodies harbor 63 algal species belonging to 41 genera. Chlorophyceae dominated while Bacillariophyceae was subdominant. The quantitatively determined growth of algal density was found to be maximum during winter and monsoon seasons while minimum growth was observed in summers.


  1. Adoni A., Joshi D.G., Gosh K., Chourasia S.K., Vaishya A.K., Yadav M. and Verma H.G. (1985)., Work book on limnology. Pratibha Publisher., C-10 Gour Nagar, Sagar, India, 1-166.
  2. Chaturvedi R.K., Sharma K.P., Sharma K., Bhardwaj S.M. and Sharma S. (1999)., Plankton community of polluted water around Sanganer, Jaipur., J. Environ. Pollut., 6(1), 77-84.
  3. Ponmanickam P., Rajagopal T., Rajan M.K., Achiraman S. and Palanivelu K. (2007)., Assessment of drinking water quality of Vembakottai reservoir, Virudhunagar district, Tamil Nadu., J. Exp. Zool. India, 10(2), 485-488.
  4. Egge J.K. and Aksnes D.L. (1992)., Silicate as regulating nutrient in phytoplankton competition., Mar. Ecol. Proc. Ser., 83, 281-289.
  5. Chellappa N.T., Borba J.M. and Rocha O. (2008)., Phytoplankton community and physical-chemical characteristics of water in the public reservoir of Cruzeta, RN, Brazil., Braz. J. Biol., 68(3), 477-494.
  6. Goswami H.K. (2012)., Let us minimize global warming impacts by multidisciplinary approach., Bionature, 32, 51-69.
  7. Pawar S.K., Pulle J.S. and Shendge K.M. (2006)., The study on phytoplanktons of Pethwaj Dam, Taluka Kankhar, District Nandenda, Maharashtra., J. Aqua. Biol., 21(1), 16-22.
  8. Mallin M.A., Cahoon L.B., Toothman B.R., Parsons D.C., McIver M.R., Ortwine M.L. and Harrington R.N. (2007)., Impacts of a raw sewage spill on water and sediment quality in an urbanized estuary., Marine Pollution Bulletin, 54, 81-88.
  9. Paul M.J., Meyer J.L. (2001)., Streams in the urban landscape., Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 32, 333-365.
  10. Hill W.R. (1996)., Algal Ecology (Eds R. J. Stevenson, M. K. Bothwell, R. L. Lowe)., Academic Press, New York, 122-148.
  11. Stevenson R.J. (1996)., The stimulation and drag of current. In: Algal Ecology: freshwater benthic ecosystems (Eds R. J. Stevenson, M. K. Bothwell, R. L. Lowe)., Academic Press, San Diego, California, 321-340.
  12. DeNicola D.M. (1996)., Periphyton responses to temperature at different ecological levels., Algal Ecology (Eds R.J. Stevenson, M.L. Bothwell and R.L. Lowe), Academic Press, San Diego, C.A., 150-182.
  13. Trivedi R.K., Goel P.K. (1986)., Biological Analysis., In Chemical and Biological Methods for water Pollution Studies, Environmental Publication, Karad, Maharashtra, India.
  14. Taylor J.C., Rey P.A. and Rensburg L.V. (2005)., Recommendations for collection, preparation and enumeration of diatoms from riverine habitats for water quality monitoring in South Africa., African Journal of Aquatic Science, 30, 65-75.
  15. Desikachary T.V. (1959)., Cyanophyta., ICAR Publication, New Delhi, 1959.
  16. Randhawa M.S. (1959)., Zygnemaceae., ICAR New Delhi.
  17. Prescott G.W. (1962)., Algae of the western great lakes area., W.M.C. Brown Publisher Dubuque, IOWA, USA.
  18. Edmondson W.T. (1959)., Fresh water Biology., II Ed John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York.
  19. Palmer C.M. (1980)., Algae and water pollution., Castle House Publisher Ltd. England.
  20. Anand N. (1998)., Indian Freshwater Microalgae., Bishen Singh and Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India.
  21. Perumal G.M. and Anand N. (2009)., Manual of Freshwater Algae of Tamil Nadu., Bishen Singh and Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India.
  22. Fritsch F.E. (1935)., The Structure and Reproduction of the Algae., Cambridge University Press, 1.
  23. APHA (1989)., Apha Standard methods for the examination of water and waste waters., In 17th Ed. American Public Health Association, Washington DC.
  24. Shibu S., Ritakumari S.D. and Nair N.B. (1993)., The impact of monsoons on the dynamics of certain physic chemical factors of the Paravur Lake., Proc. Indian. Nat. Sci Acad, B, 59(6), 581-588.
  25. Munawar M. (1970)., Limnological studies on freshwater ponds of Hyderabad, India. I. The Biotope., Hydrobiologia, 35, 127-162.
  26. Khan A.A. and Siddiqui A.Q. (1971)., Primary production in a tropical fish pond at Aligarh, India., Hydrobiolo., 37(3-4), 447-456.
  27. Jagetiya B.L., Jagetiya A., Kaur M.J. and Sharma A. (2007)., Phytoplanktonic population in relation to physico-chemical factors of Raithalias Dam, Bhilwara., Proceedings of DAE-BRNS National Symposium on Limnology, Udaipur (Rajasthan), 255-257.
  28. Sukumaran P.K. and Das A.K. (2002)., Plankton abundance in relation to physicochemical features in peninsular manmade lake., Environ. Ecol., 20(4), 873-879.
  29. Verma S.R., Tyagi A.K. and Dalela R.C. (1978)., PhysicoChemical and Biological Characteristics of Karadabad drain in U.P., Ind. J. Environ. Health, 20(1), 1-13.