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Algal biodiversity in some water bodies of Kota, Rajasthan, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, SGT University, Gurgaon-122505, Delhi-NCR, India
  • 2Department of Botany, Government College, Kota-324001, Rajasthan, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 6, Issue (9), Pages 7-14, September,10 (2017)

Abstract

Algae are inseparable associates of the environment. There is a direct correlation of phytoplanktons to the physicochemical properties of water. Kota district situated in the southeastern parts of Rajasthan has a total area of 5198.15 sq. km. Chambal is the principal perennial river of the district. The Algal flora of Kota still remains unexplored; hence the main focus of this study is to document the Algae belonging to various groups. Since without first knowing the status of our aquatic resources especially algae of this area, we cannot have projections for their utilization. An integrated study of physico-chemical characteristics and algal flora of some randomly selected inland aquatic bodies of Kota namely Abhera pond, Kishore Sagar, Kota barrage, DCM factory and Rice fields was undertaken in the present survey. Though the selected water bodies exhibit narrow fluctuations in pH, alkalinity, total hardness, and fluoride contents but considerable variation were observed in the TDS values. The aquatic bodies harbor 63 algal species belonging to 41 genera. Chlorophyceae dominated while Bacillariophyceae was subdominant. The quantitatively determined growth of algal density was found to be maximum during winter and monsoon seasons while minimum growth was observed in summers.

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