Comparative anccount on Floristic diversity among the two different Tropical Reserved forests of Central Western Ghats, Karnataka, India
- 1Dept. of Botany, Kumadvathi First Grade College, Shikaripura-577451, Shimoga, Karnataka, India
- 2Dept. of Studies and Research in Applied Botany, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta-577451, Shimoga, Karnataka, India
Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (5), Pages 26-34, May,10 (2016)
A comparative study is conducted to analyse the floristic diversity and distribution pattern in Haniya and Hulikal reserve forests of central Western Ghats. A total of 226 species belonging to 61 families were recorded from 20 quardrats in Haniya forest, whereas in Hulikal forest represents 231 species belonging to 60 families were recorded from 30 quadrats. Diversity of climbers and shrubs are almost all similar, but herbs diversity is more in Haniya, whereas tree diversity is more in Hulikal forests. The basal area in Hulikal (42.9 m2) is higher when compare to Haniya (23.07m2). The study revealed high level of species richness in the two reserve forests, which is found to be high as compared to certain other regions of Western Ghats. The Jaccard similarity index shows more similarity between the Hulikal and Haniya climbers (0.73) and some extinct between the shrubs (0.56). The present study highlights the rich species composition of the two reserve forests and the comparative account of two forest fragments. Thus, hopefully the present study may provide baseline information for the future investigations and conservation.
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