5th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Comparative anccount on Floristic diversity among the two different Tropical Reserved forests of Central Western Ghats, Karnataka, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Botany, Kumadvathi First Grade College, Shikaripura-577451, Shimoga, Karnataka, India
  • 2Dept. of Studies and Research in Applied Botany, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta-577451, Shimoga, Karnataka, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (5), Pages 26-34, May,10 (2016)

Abstract

A comparative study is conducted to analyse the floristic diversity and distribution pattern in Haniya and Hulikal reserve forests of central Western Ghats. A total of 226 species belonging to 61 families were recorded from 20 quardrats in Haniya forest, whereas in Hulikal forest represents 231 species belonging to 60 families were recorded from 30 quadrats. Diversity of climbers and shrubs are almost all similar, but herbs diversity is more in Haniya, whereas tree diversity is more in Hulikal forests. The basal area in Hulikal (42.9 m2) is higher when compare to Haniya (23.07m2). The study revealed high level of species richness in the two reserve forests, which is found to be high as compared to certain other regions of Western Ghats. The Jaccard similarity index shows more similarity between the Hulikal and Haniya climbers (0.73) and some extinct between the shrubs (0.56). The present study highlights the rich species composition of the two reserve forests and the comparative account of two forest fragments. Thus, hopefully the present study may provide baseline information for the future investigations and conservation.

References

  1. Huang Wending, Veli Pohjonen, Stig Johansson, Michael Nashanda, Katigula M.I.L. and Olavi Luukkanen (2003)., Species diversity, forest structure and species composition in Tanzanian tropical forests,, Forest Ecology and Management, 173, 11-24.
  2. Murali K.S. (2003)., Spatial pattern of tree and shrub species diversity in Savanadurga reserve forest, Karnataka,, Curr. Sci., 84(6), 808-813.
  3. Richard T. Corlett and James V. Lafrankie (1998)., Potential impacts of climate change on tropical Asian forests through an influence on phenology,, Climatic Change, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherland, 39, 439-453.
  4. Rhine Singleton, Sana Gardescu, Marks P.L. and Monica A. Geber (2001)., Forest herb colonization of post agricultural forests in central New York Reserve, USA,, Journal of Ecology, 89, 325-338.
  5. Muthuramkumar and Parthasarthy N. (2001). T, ree liana relationship in a tropical evergreen forest at Varagular an analysis. Western Ghats, India,, J. Trop. Ecol., 395-409.
  6. Rao G.R., Subhashchandra M.D. and Ramachandra T.V. (2005)., Habitat Approach for conservation of herbs, shrubs and climbers in the Sharavathi river basin,, Indian Forester, 835-899.
  7. Gamble S.S. (1935)., Flora of the presidency of Madras,, Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  8. Yoganarasimhan S.N. and Razi B.A. (1981)., Flora of Chickmagalur district, Karnataka, India, International Book Distributors,, Dehradun.
  9. Magurran A.E. (1988)., Ecological Diversity and its Measurement., Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 1-179.
  10. Sukumar R., Dattaraja S., Suresh H.S., Radhakrishnan J., Vasudeva R., Nirmal S. and Joshi N.V. (1992)., Long term monitoring of vegetation in a tropical deciduous forest in Mundumalai, South India,, Curr. Sci., 64(9), 608-616.
  11. Seetharam Y.N., Halesh C. and Vijay (2000)., Structure and floristic composition of dry deciduous forest at Bidar district, Karnataka,, Indian Forester, 23, 241-247.
  12. Pascal J.P. and Pellissier R. (1996)., Structure and floristic composition of a tropical evergreen forest in south west India., J. Trop. Ecol., 190-216.
  13. Ghate Utkarsh, Joshi N.V. and Madhavi Gadgil (1998)., The patterns of tree diversity in Western Ghats of India,, Curr. Sci., 75(6), 594-603.
  14. Ganesh T., Ganesan R., Soubadra D. M., Darroly D. and Bawa S. (1996)., Assessment of plant biodiversity of a mid elevation evergreen forest of Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Western Ghats, India,, Curr. Sci., 71(5), 379-391.
  15. Masahiro Miura, Tohru Manabe, Naoyuki Nishimura and Shin-Ichi Yamamoto (2001)., Forest canopy and community dynamics in a temperate old-growth evergreen broad-leaved forest, south-western Japan: a seven year study of a 4-ha plot,, Journal of Ecology, 89, 841-849.
  16. Alwyn H. Gentry. (1992)., Tropical forest biodiversity: distributional patterns and their conservational significance,, Oikos, 63, 19-28.
  17. Verghese A.O. and Menon A.R.R. (1999)., Floristic composition, Dynamics and diversity of Myristica swamp forests of Southern-western Ghats, Kerala,, Indian forester, 775-783.