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Surveillance of the Tolerance Limit of Sonneratia alba Sm. to certain Hydrogeochemical Parameters from Heterogenous Natural Habitats of Kerala, South India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Division of Environmental Science, Department of Botany, University of Calicut, Malappuram District, Kerala - 673635, India
  • 2Division of Environmental Science, Department of Botany, University of Calicut, Malappuram District, Kerala - 673635, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (12), Pages 28-37, December,10 (2016)


Efforts for the restoration of mangroves entail unswerving information on their growth sustaining conditions. Present study attempts to assess the tolerance of Sonneratia alba, the mangrove apple, grown in diverse natural conditions in the coastal environments of Kerala, to varied ranges of water quality parameters influencing their growth and establishment. Such information is appropriate in finding out regions which are ideal for their introduction in pursuit of coastal conservation and management. The year round study indicated a marked difference in all water quality parameters in their habitats, with respect to seasons. The range of tolerance of imperative water quality parameters like salinity (ppt) during pre-monsoon, monsoon and post monsoon seasons was noted to be 33.93 38.5, 0.299 11.68 and 7.107 35.15 respectively. Similarly the ranges of Hardness (6840 - 8760, 32 - 520 and 280 6800 mg/l), Calcium (448.56 528.66, 1363.4 1830.86, 9.62 134.67 mg/l), Magnesium (1.46 44.79, 84.17 488.61, 8.28 1397.49 mg/l), Sodium (23.9 29.8, 0.002 8.17, 5.33 31.1ppt) and Potassium (0 1.65, 0 0.26, 0.12 2.56 ppt) were analysed and reported. Correlation of these vital hydrogeochemical parameters from diverse sampling stations proved that the changing trends in related parameters are coherent and all the three sampling stations are highly unswerving and persuasive. More over wide range of tolerance of S. alba to salinity (0.299 to 38.5 ppt) is indicative of their potentialities for inclusion in various coastal restoration activities.


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