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Endangered Plants and their uses of Sivasagar District, Assam, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Botany, Swahid Peoli Phukan College, Namti Namtidole, Sivasagar, Assam, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 4, Issue (7), Pages 15-18, July,10 (2015)

Abstract

Assam is a strategically very important state of North Eastern region. It has a treasure of biodiversity. Sivasagar District of Assam is a historical place was capital city of ahom dynasty. The district is also important due to their natural resources. The district have six reserve forest areas, viz. Sapekati, Dilli, Abhaypur, Sola, Gelekey, and Panidihing reserve forests, having treasure of biodiversity due to wide variability in climatic and edaphic condition. Major parts of the flora of Assam are found in Sivasagar District. Ethnic people (Tai-Ahom, Tai-Shyam, Tai-Phake, Mising, Kachari, Sonowal and various Tea-tribe) are living neighboring these forests. They depend the forest for their shelter, food, medicines, fodder etc. But biodiversity of district is declining fast and most of the plants were coming under IUCN red list due to increased demand, destructive harvesting over exploitation, illegal trade, opens grazing, developing buildings etc. To meet the demand of authentic plant materials from the field, plantation of medicinal plant farm helps for sustainable utilization.

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